In 2002, Chinese philanthropist Shao Yifu establishedannual international award for awarding scientists whose discoveries have had a positive impact on humanity. The prize was named after him and, by tradition, it is awarded to outstanding people from three scientific fields: astronomy, medicine and mathematics. In addition to the medal, the winners receive a cash reward of $ 1.2 million.
As always, in 2019 for nominationCandidate scholars who are experts in each of the three award-winning fields were invited as candidates. Thus, the astronomy section is chaired by German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel, the American cytologist Rayndi Shekman leads the medicine section, and the British mathematician William Timothy Gowers is at the head of the mathematical section.
Winner of the Shao Prize 2019 in Astronomy
This year's award in this area receivedprofessor at Caltech Edward Stone. He is known for having coordinated the Voyager program for many years, whose apparatuses still remain in service. The prize went to him quite deservedly - after all, it was thanks to this program that humanity reached the edge of the solar system, and now it is studying interstellar space.
Winner of the Shao Prize 2019 in medicine
In the field of biology and medicine this yeardefeated Maria Yasin, a professor at Cornell University. According to the jury, she earned an award for her work in studying DNA repair processes. Thanks to her work, humankind has tools for editing the mammalian genome.
Winner of the Shao 2019 Mathematics Prize
Finally, this year's maths winner wasProfessor from the University of Paris Michel Talagran. Members of the jury noted his work in the field of concentration inequalities and suprema of stochastic processes. Previously, he had already won other awards - for example, in 1997 he won the Farm Prize for young mathematicians (he was not 45 at the time).
This is the sixteenth awardThe ceremony will be held on September 25 in Hong Kong. It is noteworthy that before the cash prize was only one million dollars, but in 2016 the amount was increased to 1.2 million.
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