Modern space exploration is conducted withusing different technologies. Russian scientists have launched an X-ray observatory from Baikonur that is able to study in detail the observed part of the universe.
After the withdrawal for six months to the target orbit inthe second Lagrange point in the Sun – Earth system, the observatory will begin to survey the entire celestial sphere. In this unique positioning will avoid falling into the lens review of the blinding sun.
The studies will last six and a half years, fromwhich half a year will take the station to the specified orbit and testing equipment. Over the next 4 years, the entire observable part of the Universe will be completely scanned.
One full scan takes six months,therefore, one of the eight maps of the surrounding outer space will be made with minimal errors. Also, several pictures allow us to consider the state of the Universe in dynamics, to detect the emergence of new objects.
The first four years of observation will be conducted inphoton energy range of 0.3–11 kV. Further, the remaining two years, the observatory will focus on observing specific sectors of the sky that have interested scientists from Earth. For these purposes, a range of up to 30 kiloV are used.
The station has two X-ray telescopes: one Russian ART-XC operating in the range that registers quanta with energy from 5 to 30 kiloelectronvolts. The second telescope scans the sky in a range that works with photons with an energy of 0.5–11 kV.