Recently, we wrote that in the territory of NorthAmerica's birds are disappearing. Now it became known that some trees are also in danger. So, chestnut is among the more than 400 European tree species that the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has rated as endangered. It is no secret that trees are necessary for life on Earth. Trees in Europe are a source of food and home to countless species of animals such as squirrels and birds. These animals are incredibly important to the ecosystem.
How many species of trees are endangered?
Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of IUCN, describedthe received results as "disturbing". Most animals in Europe are already listed in the Red Book. Recently, experts drew attention to trees and plants. The sad news became known after experts evaluated the state of all 454 species of trees that live on the continent. According to the data obtained, 42% of the trees are threatened with extinction (assessed by experts as vulnerable). Among endemic trees - those that do not exist anywhere else on Earth - 58% are threatened with extinction. Highlighted species include horse chestnut, which is declining throughout Europe, as well as most of the nearly 200 trees in the rowanberry family. The report identified a wide range of threats, including pests and diseases, competition from invasive plants, changes in land use, forest fires, and more.
Dr. Stephen Bachmann, Security Specialistof nature at the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, which did not participate in the study, believes that trees play an important role in maintaining and improving our lives. We recently told you that walking in parks makes people happier.
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The data obtained indicate extremelyhigh risk of extinction of many trees, which scientists were not aware of before. The knowledge of the problem obliges us to take urgent and effective measures. A second study found that nearly half of all shrub species in Europe are also at risk of extinction due to the loss and destruction of wild areas of Europe, as well as agriculture, invasive species and climate change.
Is climate change to blame?
According to Luc Bas, director of EuropeanIUCN regional office, human activities - an anthropogenic factor - cause a reduction in tree populations across Europe. We underestimated the severity of the situation for the species that make up European ecosystems and contribute to the health of the planet.
Recommendations of scientists on the conservation of tree speciesand shrubs include further studies of the effects of climate change on the ecosystems of the planet. Our regular readers are aware of the harmful effects of climate change not only on people and animals, but also on the inhabitants of the sea depths and plants. Recently, scientists have found that global warming is one of the causes of seasonal allergies.
What do you think about the latest news about the state of our planet? Let's discuss this unpleasant news with the participants of our Telegram chat.
Society should be aware thatThe “climate crisis” poses a real threat to forests. The fact is that climate change increases the risk of pests and diseases. To prevent the extinction of species, it is necessary to plant a large variety of trees. So now you need to plant a tree to make the world a little better.