The island is a piece of land, from all sidessurrounded by water. In such places of the planet, life always develops in a slightly different way due to complete isolation from the continents, which makes the islands a real storehouse of the unknown. No one knows for sure how many islands there are on our planet, but this does not prevent romantics, travelers, and simply adventurers from traveling to them in search of the unknown. If you are one of them, then this article is for you.
- 1 Surtsey Island - the youngest island in the world
- 2 Madagascar - the oldest island on the planet
- 3 Bouvet Island - the most isolated and coldest place on the planet
- 4 Point - an island in an island with an island inside an island
- 5 Greenland - the largest island on the planet
- 6 Kaffeklubben - the island closest to the North Pole
- 7 Bishop Rock - the smallest island in the world
Surtsey Island - the youngest island in the world
Did you know that the youngest island on the planetreally not so young and comparable in age to a 50-year-old man? Back in 1963, a powerful underwater volcanic eruption formed a platform of cooled and hardened lava in the Norwegian Sea off the coast of Iceland. Thanks to this event, November 14, 1963 became the official birthday of Surtsey Island. Despite the incredible youth of the island by geological standards, the island is currently actively inhabited by various plants and birds, which feel calm there due to the absence of any predators.
In order to allow nature to develop withouthuman exposure, it was decided to completely isolate the island. Despite the ban, tourists have already tried to grow potatoes on a deserted island, which, however, was immediately dug up after discovering the seedlings of the plant.
Madagascar - the oldest island on the planet
If Surtsey Island is rightfully recognized as the mostthe youngest island on the planet, the island of Madagascar is considered the oldest. It is believed that the island formed about 160 million years ago and managed to see in its lifetime the emergence, flowering and death of dinosaurs.
See also: The largest island of mud disappeared from the face of the Earth
Due to the fact that the island for severalmillion years was completely isolated from the African continent, the island's ecosystem is represented by unique species of animals and plants. So, it is in Madagascar that the well-known baobabs grow, whose age reaches several thousand years. Next to them live lemurs, which are a real symbol of the island.
Bouvet Island is the most isolated and coldest place on the planet.
Located 2,200 kilometers from Africa andAlmost at the same distance from Antarctica, Bouvet Island is considered the most lonely and isolated place on the planet. Almost 90% of the island’s surface is covered with a thick layer of ice, constantly blown by the strongest winds and periodically washed by storms with waves reaching the height of a 6-story building.
It seems that this island will retain its uninhabited status for a long time, as there are still no people wishing to live in such conditions.
Point - an island in an island with an island inside an island
Sounds weird, right? However, such a genealogical education does exist and is located in the Philippines. Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines, which is located about 50 kilometers from the country's capital, Manila. In the very center of the island is a lake, which until recently was part of the ocean. In a unique lake there is an island with a talking name - Volcano, which is a real volcanic crater, the caldera of which is filled with yellow water, forming Lake Yellow Lake. And, finally, in the center of the lake inside the volcanic crater there is its own island, Volcano Point, which, due to its unique location, attracts a large number of tourists, replenishing the Philippines treasury well.
Greenland - the largest island on the planet
Creating a rating of the most unusual islands in the world,we could not ignore Greenland, which due to its size is considered the largest island on the planet. The unique island is almost completely covered by an ice sheet reaching 4000 meters! This feature greatly influenced the possible habitats of the inhabitants of the largest islands in the world, providing them with only coastal territories. The lowest temperatures in Greenland are observed in the center of the island, sometimes reaching -60 degrees Celsius.
See also: Why Donald Trump wants to buy Greenland?
Kaffeklubben - the island closest to the North Pole
For a long time it was believed that the closest toThe North Pole island is Greenland. This statement was able to refute the famous polar explorer Robert Peary, who found a tiny island in the distant 1900. When 21 years later the first man landed on the island - Lauge Koch - without hesitation, the researcher named a piece of land near the North Pole in honor of one of the cafes in his native Copenhagen. That's really worthy advertising!
Bishop Rock is the smallest island in the world.
The smallest yet built-up island inthe world is the island of Bishop Rock, which is located off the coast of England. Its area is only 0.0006 square kilometers, and its entire surface is built up by a lighthouse, which was erected in 1858.
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