The introduction of technologies using 5G networks canreduce the accuracy of weather forecasts by 30%, according to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The accuracy of forecasting may decrease to the 1980 level.
Accurate weather forecasting especiallyrelevant for residents of the coastal regions of the United States suffering from periodic hurricanes. Residents of these regions will be notified 2-3 days later about the impending disaster, which means people and organizations may not have time to carry out preparatory activities in time.
Currently, the Federal Communications Commission(FCC) offers 5G network operators a 24 GHz frequency band. Satellites of the metrological service meanwhile use the ability to generate weak electrical signals at a frequency of 23.8 GHz to track the state of the atmosphere. The proximity to such a frequency of operating frequencies of 5G networks will reduce the ability of weather satellites to form an accurate weather forecast.
Operators of 5G networks are encouraged to useless powerful sources of base station signals, which will reduce the level of interference. However, the problems of meteorologists do not end there. In the future, it is planned to sell frequencies for telecom operators, which can reduce the likelihood of predicting precipitation (36–37 GHz), temperature tracking accuracy (50.2–50.4 GHz) and cloudiness (80–90 GHz).
To prevent a decline in the accuracy of weather forecasts, the United States is conducting intergovernmental consultations. The final decision on the allocation of frequency bands for 5G-networks will be made this fall.