Foods high in sugarharmful to our health and addictive - this is an indisputable fact. Scientists have long known that people become addicted to sweets because of the powerful release of the happy hormone dopamine with each use of sugar-filled sodas, candies and all other goodies. However, at the same time, a person is more likely to suffer from obesity and other related problems, such as the development of heart disease, each time. After all, sweets provoke tooth decay! To protect themselves from problems, some people decide to completely give up sweets, but you should never do this.
- 1 Why does a person need sugar
- 2 What is the amount of sugar per day
- 3 ways to reduce the amount of sugar in your diet
- 4 What happens when there is a lack of glucose
Why does a person need sugar?
Most people are well aware that sugarharmful to human health. Knowing this, some men and women decide to give up sweets once and for all - some are so addicted that they don’t even eat fruit. However, over time, every person on a sugar-free diet still breaks down. This can only be explained by the fact that sugar is still needed for the normal functioning of our body. It is only harmful in excess.
Sugar is needed by our body because it isone of the main sources of energy. When it enters the digestive tract, it is broken down by pancreatic enzymes into monosaccharides, including glucose. It enters the human circulatory system, and from there into the cells. The brain is especially in need of glucose - if it does not receive 110-145 grams of glucose per day, it will not be able to produce the neurotransmitters that are needed to remember and process information.
It is important to note that the human bodyconsumes all the glucose at one time. He knows how to set aside a "strategic reserve" in case of need in the liver and muscles. If suddenly there is a lack of glucose, the brain can take a little from the stored stock.
Related article: Are artificial sweeteners safer than sugar?
What is the amount of sugar per day
According to the World Health Organization(WHO) 2002, sugar intake should be less than 10% of total calories consumed each day. Ideally, each adult with a normal body mass index should consume no more than 25 grams of sugar per day, which equates to about 6 teaspoons. But due to the consumption of a huge amount of sweets and carbonated drinks (especially energy drinks!), people often go beyond this.
Digging deeper: How is sugar produced and can it be deficient?
How to reduce the amount of sugar in your diet
A little higher, we noted that some people, due tofears of sugar can even refuse fruits. But you should not do this - it is best to replenish glucose reserves with the help of natural products like apples, bananas, and so on. Not only do they provide the norm of sugar, they also contain many vitamins and minerals. And it’s better to really refrain from sweet soda, cakes, and so on, but remember that sometimes you can still treat yourself to them.
It is important to understand that sometimes small sweetslike a bar of chocolate or tea with a couple of spoons of sugar can save a person. For example, they can cheer up if a person is overworked, forgot to eat and feels unwell. They can also help with low blood pressure, if a person gets dark in the eyes and he is in a fainting state.
IMPORTANT: according to scientists, fructose can kill the body, causing colon cancer and obesity. Here are the details.
What happens when there is a lack of glucose
A lack of glucose in the blood is called hypoglycemia. In this state, a person begins to suffer fromdisorders of many internal organs - especially the central nervous system suffers. If the hypoglycemia is not severe, the person may simply feel weak. But the lower the concentration of sugar falls, the worse the person becomes.
In the first minutes of hypoglycemia, a person mayexperience excitement and even fear - this is due to the fact that the sympathetic-adrenal system releases stress hormones into the blood. After that, other symptoms of low blood sugar may appear:
- drowsiness and lethargy;
- headache or dizziness;
- double vision;
- speech disorder;
- convulsive seizures;
- loss of consciousness.
In especially severe cases, a person can even fall into a hypoglycemic coma.
Based on all of the above, indeedIt turns out that people do not need to completely give up sweets. Huge cakes, energy drinks, buckets of ice cream - all this is better to remove, but fruits can definitely be useful.
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Finally, it is worth noting that in 2022, scientists created a sugar substitute that can make sweets healthy. If interested, read this article.