Research, Technology

Why narcissistic people are more likely to believe in conspiracy theories

Do you believe that planet Earth is actuallyis actually not round, but flat? Maybe you think that human society is controlled by reptilians? If these and other conspiracy theories seem like complete nonsense to you, we have good news - you most likely do not have narcissistic personality disorder. Recently, scientists have studied in detail the peculiarities of the thinking of narcissistic people and came to the conclusion that it is they who often become supporters of conspiracy theories and increase their popularity among other people. The danger of this phenomenon lies in the fact that often famous personalities have narcissistic traits, and they are listened to by thousands and even millions of men and women. As a result, more and more people in the world begin to sincerely believe that vaccines are something harmful to health and hold other erroneous opinions. But why exactly do narcissists tend to believe in conspiracy theories?

Narcissists believe more in conspiracy theories, and scientists believe that this is not good

Interesting fact: The term "narcissism" comes fromancient Greek myth of Narcissus. It tells about a handsome young man who constantly admired himself in the reflection of water and rejected the love of the nymph Echo. As punishment, Narcissus was doomed to fall in love with his reflection and turned into the eponymous flower.

Why do people believe in conspiracy theories

Many people believe that in their environment there is definitely noconspiracy theorists. However, the results of the VTsIOM poll for 2018 are capable of destroying such an idea - it turned out that at least 67% of Russians believe in a “secret world government”. It is worth emphasizing that most of these people have higher education, that is, they are far from stupid.

Surprisingly, there are a lot of conspiracy theorists

There are so many conspiracy theories thatsome of them are at least partially believed by every person. In addition to the possibility of the existence of reptilians, there are theories that genetically modified foods are harmful to health (which is absolutely not true), or that the coronavirus is spread using 5G towers. Or, as an example, the theory is that the Americans have never been to the moon, and all the videos were filmed on a movie set. It is possible that even you sometimes had doubts about the existence of the American lunar mission - after all, we did not see anything live?

Some people don't believe the Americans were on the moon

Scientists believe that people have a mortgageda natural tendency to believe in conspiracy theories. It is due to the fact that conspiracy theory makes it easier to explain many complex phenomena, helps people feel unity, and so on. It is much easier for many people to believe that a dangerous disease was created by some bad person, and did not appear accidentally as a result of human interaction with a bat. Indeed, in the latter case, it turns out that our world is unpredictable and people are afraid to believe in it.

Related article: Scientists have found out why some people believe in conspiracy theories about coronavirus

Who believes the most in conspiracy theories

Scientists have recently announced that mostnarcissists become supporters of conspiracy theories - people with an increased sense of self-importance, incapable of sympathy and an increased need for outside attention. The tendency to believe in conspiracy theories is due to at least four personality traits of narcissists.

Narcissists have personality traits that make them believe in conspiracy theories.

First, most narcissists areparanoid and believe that others want to intentionally harm them. This is where the belief arises that someone wants to “chip” them, introduce a virus into the body, and so on.

Secondly, many narcissists have a need fordominance and control. Because of this, they may use conspiracy theories as a way to scapegoat others, to shift responsibility for problems onto someone else. This is where faith in a secret government, reptilians, and so on can originate.

In the modern world, the causes of many problems can be shifted to reptilians.

Third, narcissists have a need foruniqueness. Conspiracy theories allegedly provide access to privileged and hidden information that many do not. By joining the ranks of conspiracy theorists, narcissists can gain some uniqueness and become "not like everyone else."

Fourth, scientists believe that people withpeople with narcissistic personality disorder are more naive and less prone to reflection. Because of this, they can be more suggestible and believe much of what they are told.

Some conspiracy theories are harmless, but others have serious consequences.

We argue that each of these components of narcissism may predispose people to accept conspiracy theories, the authors of the scientific work concluded.

To be fair, it should be noted that somefrom the conclusions of scientists raise questions. For example, why if narcissists are paranoid and expect threats from the outside, why are they so naive and believe in conspiracy theories? These discrepancies are not explained.

See also: The most popular conspiracy theories in the world - what are they about?

Why are conspiracy theories dangerous?

A little higher, we have already noted that in conspiracy theoryeveryone can believe, even people with higher education. But scientists suggest that belief in conspiracy theories among narcissists is a particularly dangerous phenomenon. As a rule, people with narcissistic personality disorder are very popular and can really influence other people. This means that they can spread conspiracy ideas to even more people.

Opinion leaders contribute the most to spreading conspiracy theories

Conspiracy theories are relatively harmless -like the one that says Americans have never been to the moon. But there are those whose spread can have dangerous consequences. An example is the theory about the dangers of 5G towers - people believed that they spread the coronavirus and even set them on fire. Also, some men and women believe that vaccinations cause illness in children. This misconception puts children at risk of contracting deadly diseases. The situation is so dangerous that WHO even included it in the list of threats to the health of all mankind.

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Some conspiracy theories have been around for a very long time and are still popular among people. You can read more about the reasons for their relevance in this material.