General, Research, Technology

Why is the Mayan 100 km road considered an engineering miracle?

For all history on our planet therea huge number of civilizations, but the most interesting of them is Maya. While many other nations have disappeared due to natural disasters, the mystery of the death of the Mayan civilization is still unknown. Nevertheless, scientists are constantly studying its history and recently they discovered the secret of the 100-kilometer road, which was laid about 1300 years ago. For the first time, its existence became known in the 1930s and it was believed that this ancient path was perfectly straight. However, in the course of further study it became clear that this road has several turns and once long ago connected several settlements. But why was this road built and why is it considered an engineering miracle?

Maya is considered the most mysterious civilization in history.

The longest Maya road

The new discovery of archaeologists was described inscientific publication of the Journal of Archaeological Science. The so-called Great White Road, more than 100 kilometers long and about 8 meters wide, thousands of years ago connected one of the main Mayan cities of Koba with a small settlement of Yaksuna. According to researchers, the path was paved by order of the ruler Kaviil Ajo to conquer Yaksuna and subsequently confront the forces of the Chichen Itza empire. It was previously believed that this road was straight, but recently, archaeologists have been able to explore parts of the path hidden under the covers of the jungle. It turned out that she was winding and affected other small settlements on the way to Yaksun. Most likely, this was necessary for strategic reasons.

So the "Great White Road" looks from above, but most of it is hidden behind the jungle

Amazing constructions of Mayan civilization

Archaeologists consider the "great white road"engineering miracle at once for several reasons. Firstly, it was made of stone and covered with stucco, which, according to scientists, could glow in the dark. Secondly, the path was laid on a relief terrain with pits and ravines, but the surface of the road itself was perfectly flat. It is believed that bumps in the road were filled with earth and limestone boulders. In general, the paved road is no less amazing than the Mayan monumental pyramids.

Mayan pyramids are truly an engineering miracle

See also: In Mexico, the remains of a previously unknown Mayan palace

According to research leader TracyArdren, the paved road seemed to be a lighthouse among corn fields and fruit trees. Unfortunately, at the moment most of the road is hidden under the dense jungle. But thousands of years ago, there were no large trees in this territory, because civilization constantly needed wood to build structures and cut them down. In addition, wood was required for burning limestone, which was subsequently mixed with water to make plaster.

It is known that the ancient Romans used approximately the same method of making plaster

Also, scientists found that every 8kilometers of warriors and ordinary travelers could relax on special sites. As a rule, people could cover such a distance in about a day, so they could need several days to move between settlements. But thanks to the paved route, the soldiers could cope with the task much faster and easier.

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The results of the study canConsider yet another proof that the Mayan civilization possessed amazing knowledge. Scientists already know that they knew mathematics and astronomy well, and also knew how to carry out complex surgical operations. You can learn more about these people from the documentary “Maya. The birth of a legend ”, which provides only scientifically verified information about ancient civilization.