Creators of many advanced development projectsartificial intelligence say that their job is to create a special machine with a certain analogue of consciousness, which could be developed taking into account the idea that the human brain simply encodes and processes multisensor information obtained from different sources. Thus, it is assumed that as soon as the basic functions of the brain in obtaining and processing information are fully understood, similar algorithms can be programmed in a computer. Recently, Microsoft announced that it is ready to spend $ 1 billion to develop such an artificial “consciousness." However, most specialists in the field of robotics believe that it is impossible to create a truly thinking robot for a number of reasons.
Can a robot think?
Although attempts to build the first“Mechanically rational creature” has been going on for more than a dozen years, not one of these attempts has been crowned with any significant success. Due to the fact that living organisms accumulate experience in their brain, adapting neural connections in the active process between the subject and the environment, and do not write data to short-term and long-term memory blocks, neuroscientists still have not learned how to create at least partially rational mechanisms. The human mind actively explores the environment in order to find certain elements that direct us to perform any action. Even the most ordinary and everyday task, which does not require large energy inputs from the body, is associated with the involvement of several areas of the brain at once. Skills training and the accumulation of life experience include a certain reorganization of the structure of the brain and some physical changes, such as a change in the strength of connections between neurons. Such complex transformations cannot be completely recreated on a computer with a fixed architecture, which greatly complicates the task for developers and neuroscientists who are in search of a solution to such a complex problem.
See also: Russian company announced the production of humanoid robots
Is it possible to calculate consciousness?
Every mentally healthy person is capable ofto be aware of what he is thinking at the moment. Despite the fact that such a quality may seem simple and unpretentious to us, it is precisely it that becomes impossible for the computer brain.
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In the mid-20th century, a German quantum physicistWerner Heisenberg, who is currently considered one of the founders of modern quantum mechanics, showed that there is a clear difference in the nature of a physical event and the conscious knowledge of its observer. This observation was interpreted in more detail by the famous Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger, who argued that consciousness cannot simply arise from any physical process, like a computer, that reduces all operations to basic logical arguments.
Recent medical research alsoconfirm the fact that there are no unique structures in the brain that exclusively control consciousness. According to livescience.com, a recent MRI scan showed that various cognitive tasks occur in different areas of the brain. Thanks to the experiment, neuroscientists were able to conclude that consciousness may not be a single entity, but may well exist as a whole multitude of consciousnesses distributed in time and space within the same organism.
But robotics was definitely not ready for such a turn.