Research, Technology

Why is China building a satellite communications system for the moon?

Recently, on April 24, 2022, China hostednational day of cosmonautics. The holiday was established in 2016, and the date was chosen because on this day in 1970 the first Chinese artificial Earth satellite, Dongfang Hong-1, was launched. During the next event at the China Space Administration (CNSA), details have become known about what local scientists will do in the space industry in the coming years. The biggest news is that China wants to build a satellite system around the moon to maintain communication with the Earth and navigate the surface of the earth's satellite. Representatives of the space administrationinvited other countries to participate in the creation of the navigation system, because in a few decades cosmonauts and astronauts will obviously spend a lot of time on the Moon.

China wants to build a satellite communications and navigation system on the moon, but for what?

Chinese satellite navigation system on the moon

On the intention to create a satellite navigation systemon the moon, said Wu Yanhua, deputy director of the China Space Administration. According to him, the launch of the first satellites can be carried out as early as 2023 or 2024. The process can go faster if other countries take part in the creation of the system - it will certainly be needed by future colonizers and explorers of the moon. The CNSA representative did not disclose other details about the system being developed, but the authors of Space News felt that the details could be found by looking at China's already known intentions to develop the Earth's natural satellite.

Deputy Director of China Space Administration Wu Yanhua

Chinese lunar program

In 1998, Chinese scientists developedthe program for the development of the earth's satellite - it was called "Chang'e". The name was chosen in honor of the Chinese goddess Chang'e, who is considered the patroness of the moon.

China began studying the moon a long time ago, but research vehicles began to regularly depart relatively recently.

China's lunar program consists of four important phases:

  • first flights in lunar orbit;
  • soft landing on the moon;
  • delivery of lunar soil to Earth;
  • deployment of the International Scientific Station at the South Pole of the Moon.

The first stage of the program has been successfully completed, becausethat the Chang'e-1 and Chang'e-2 research vehicles circled the Moon without any problems and created a detailed map of its surface. As part of the second stage, Chinese scientists successfully landed the Chang'e-3 spacecraft with the Yutu and Chang'e-4 lunar rovers. At the fourth stage, the Chang'e-5T1 and Chang'e-5 vehicles were used - the first completed the task of a scout, and the second collected lunar soil and delivered it to Earth on December 16, 2020.

The apparatus "Chang'e-3" on the surface of the moon

At the moment, the main task of the Chineseresearchers is to install a robotic station at the South Pole of the Moon. Between 2023 and 2024, they want to send a couple more exploration vehicles, Chang'e-6 and Chang'e-7, to the moon. Then, in the years 2026-2030, the Chang'e-8 and the Russian Luna-28 vehicles should begin construction of the International Lunar Station. Its main feature will be the possibility of long-term work without the participation of people.

During the creation of an international lunar station, a reliable connection with the Earth will be needed

It is important to note that China already has onerelay satellite that provides communication with the landing module "Chang'e-4" and the lunar rover "Yuytu-2". The latter often discovers strange objects on the surface of the moon - a mysterious monolith immediately comes to mind, the secret of which has already been revealed. The lunar rover also discovered glass beads on the Moon, which were formed as a result of strong heating of the minerals contained in the lunar soil.

Glass balls on the moon

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In general, China has very big plans, whichabout space exploration. At the end of 2021, it became known that the country intends to overtake the United States in terms of conquering Mars - as part of the Space Race 2.0 program, the first natives of China can fly to the planet as early as 2033. You can read more about China's plans in this material. In general, write in the comments your opinion on whether the country will be able to achieve all its goals - it will be interesting to read.