After the real boom associated with artificialintelligence, technology companies and researchers make us believe that AI is the solution to all problems. This is a real breakthrough and practically "happiness to everyone and everyone." However, not everyone shares this position. For example, Jared Moore, ethics adviser at the School of Computer Science at Washington State University, recently said that AI is not created to make our life better.
Why AI is bad
In order to understand this issue,let's turn to the story. Then we will understand that such statements are far from new. For example, in his 2012 book The Master Switch, contemporary history researcher Tim Wu argues that at the beginning of television's existence, many people thought that it was supposed to change the world by making information free and public. In the 90s, television centers were supposed to occupy an educational niche in developing countries. As a result, we all know what television has turned into today. A more recent example is our favorite Internet. Here everything developed according to approximately the same pattern. But on the other hand, the Internet has presented you with our Telegram channel, which is not a sin to subscribe to.
These assumptions were based on the belief thatthe mere presence of technology can drive social change. But this is not so. Proponents of this position ignore the fact that problems like poverty, crime, or social inequality are the result of political mistakes, not a lack of technology. Thinking like that is the same as saying that if everyone hands out a smartphone, poverty will disappear. - says Jared Moore.
Similarly, according to the scientist, the statement aboutthe fact that “AI is created for the common good” ignores the fact that technology, when they are not aimed at the root of the problems, only distract our attention from what is really important. On the one hand, it seems obvious that AI will make things better. He will create new types of jobs, take automation to a new level, and so on. A solid idyll.
In fact, everything is much more complicated. In order to create some statistical models that form the core of artificial intelligence systems, you must use more energy than the average American family consumes in one year. Behind the scenes of artificial intelligence systems, such as those that allow cars without a driver to “see,” are thousands of low-paid workers who process millions of images. These people perform tasks such as “outline the truck in this picture” for several months. AI itself is not yet capable of learning like this. These realities seem to contradict the fact that AI is an instrument for the social good. So when someone says about the “good” that the next algorithm will bring, the question should be asked: what kind of good and for whom? And is it possible to achieve the same with simpler methods?
Facebook, Google, Microsoft and many moredevelopers in the field of creating AI systems suggest that work in the field of healthcare, energy or crime prevention alone is a sufficient argument in favor of AI. At the same time, some of the developments that were created through AI could well do without them. That would be even cheaper.
See also: How artificial intelligence works
Moreover, statements of mere benefitartificial intelligence is really extremely similar to what happened with television and the Internet. Yes, now we are actively using these benefits of civilization, but by and large they have turned into tools for making money for you and large corporations. Is this the future we want for ourselves? And how do we imagine the future side-by-side with AI? Unlikely.