Every fifth death in the world caused bysepsis, also known as blood poisoning, illustrates the most complete analysis of this condition. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 11 million people die every year from sepsis. And this is more than cancer. Recently, researchers from the University of Washington found that in fact, these "alarming" numbers are double the previous estimates. According to a study published in Lancet magazine, most cases of blood poisoning have been reported in low- and middle-income countries, but today even richer countries regularly deal with sepsis.
- 1 What is sepsis?
- 2 Why do so many people die due to sepsis?
- 3 Who is at risk?
- 4 How to recognize sepsis?
What is sepsis?
We all know very well that if you get hurt -even very little - it is urgent to treat the wound. Otherwise, an infection can get into it and a slight small cut can lead to blood poisoning and rapid death. But is it really so and what is sepsis?
Sepsis is also known as the "hidden killer"because it is very difficult to detect. The reason is that the patient’s immune system is overloaded and, instead of fighting the infection, it begins to attack other parts of the body. This behavior ultimately leads to organ failure. And for those who survived, sepsis caused long-term damage and disability. The cause of blood poisoning is mainly bacteria and viruses that cause diarrheal infections or lung diseases. However, science knows cases where a small cut on the finger led to sepsis and death.
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Why are so many people dying because of sepsis?
In their work, researchers report that in 201748, 9 million cases of sepsis were reported worldwide, of which 11 million were reported, accounting for 19.7% of all deaths on the planet. Despite the fact that since 1900, the age-standardized incidence of sepsis has decreased by 37%, sepsis remains the main cause of health loss worldwide, and the incidence of blood poisoning and mortality today varies significantly across regions - in sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, South Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
According to BBC News, today in the world49 million cases of sepsis are reported. One of the co-authors of the study, Kristin Rad worked in rural areas in Uganda and faced with blood poisoning daily. Moreover, scientists and doctors who treat patients daily in low- and middle-income countries have been saying that sepsis is a very serious problem for many years.
Who is at risk?
As mentioned above, the vastmost cases of sepsis (85%) occur in low- and middle-income countries. Children under five are most at risk for blood poisoning. Of course, the death rate from blood poisoning in poor countries is higher than in Spain, France and Canada, but the mortality rate is higher than in countries such as Spain, France and Canada. However, even in developed countries such as the UK or Sweden, sepsis is also a problem. So, according to the study, about 48 thousand people die from sepsis in the UK every year.
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One of the most acute problems thatdirectly related to sepsis, is the appearance of superbugs. In cases where antibiotics do not work, mortality from a previously previously treatable disease will increase to heaven. For this reason, including, scientists suggest that all efforts be made to reduce the number of cases of blood poisoning. For many countries, this means a significant improvement in sanitation, clean water and access to vaccines. Another challenge is to better identify patients with sepsis. Early detection significantly increases the chances of patients recovering. The combined use of antibiotics and antiviral drugs can be of great importance.
How to recognize sepsis?
One way or another, none of us is safe from sepsis, so you need to know the symptoms of this deadly disease.
- slurred speech;
- severe trembling or muscle pain;
- difficulty urinating
- severe shortness of breath;
- high heart rate;
- increased or decreased body temperature;
- discoloration of the skin or the appearance of spots.
- bluish or pale skin (sometimes spots appear)
- severe weakness and drowsiness
- body cold to the touch
- rapid breathing
- a rash that does not disappear when pressed