Research, Technology

Why did Europeans eat Egyptian mummies?

Today, the mummies of ancient pharaohs and animals havevery important for science. For example, at the beginning of 2021, scientists were able to find out the cause of the death of one of the Egyptian rulers - his death was very cruel. And a little later, scientists found mummies of parrots in the Atacama Desert, which revealed interesting details about the world of antiquity. Unfortunately, only a few mummies have survived to this day. The fact is that people discovered them in more ancient times, like the Middle Ages, and used them for non-scientific purposes. There is evidence that human mummies were eaten and opened for entertainment purposes. It sounds like some kind of wildness, but such is the harsh truth of life - let's talk about it in more detail.

People have found mummies before, but they were not interested in them from a scientific point of view

Content

  • 1 Did medieval people find mummies?
  • 2 Health benefits of mummies - true or myth?
  • 3 Deploying mummies as entertainment
  • 4 Egyptian mummies in modern times

Did medieval people find mummies?

Egyptian pyramids with mummies immured in themhave existed for a long time - for example, the great pyramids of Giza were built in the XXVII-XXV centuries BC. Needless to say, throughout the history of mankind, these tombs have been robbed dozens of times. During the Middle Ages and before, mummies did not interest people at all from a scientific point of view. Most of all, they were impressed by the fact that the bodies of the dead have a connection with the other world and, most likely, have healing properties.

Once upon a time, people believed that mummies had healing properties.

Health benefits of mummies - true or myth?

There is evidence that in the 12th century those who did not even haveideas about antibiotics, doctors crushed mummies and gave people as medicines. For 500 years, this powder has been used as a remedy for headaches, to reduce swelling, and even to treat the plague. Needless to say, the bodies of dead people do not have any useful properties? Even more - they can have pathogens of dangerous diseases.

Who knows what the mummified person was sick with?

The mummies of the dead people were delivered to Europestraight from Egypt. And usually fakes were sold to people. In 1564, Guy de la Fontaine, a physician from the medieval kingdom of Navarre, asked a vendor about the ancient methods of embalming and burial. He replied that he was making mummies from the bodies of dead peasants - after embalming, no one can distinguish an ancient mummy from a relatively fresh one.

Box with crushed 18th century mummy

Despite the abundance of fakes, human remainswere used as medicines until the 18th century. At one time, the English King Charles II took funds from human skulls for the treatment of neurological diseases. In royal families, mummies were considered "elite medicines" because they belonged to the pharaohs.

Do you know how the Egyptian pyramids were built? Aliens have nothing to do with it - All thanks to human hard work!

Deploying mummies as entertainment

In the 19th century, people no longer used mummies infood as medicine. The bodies of the ancient Egyptians found another thing - they began to deploy them at secular gatherings as entertainment. It all started after the first expedition of Napoleon Bonaparte to Egypt in 1798. Europeans again began to buy mummies in the market and invite their friends to deploy bandages. It was believed that having a real mummy at your disposal is a clear sign of great wealth. It is known that in 1834 a similar party was organized by the surgeon Thomas Pettigrew. The attendees of this event must have been very excited during the deployment of the ancient body.

One of the creepy parties in 1891

Holding spooky for modern manparties quickly fell out of fashion in the 20th century. The reason for this is the opening of the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen in 1922 - our Zen channel has a bunch of photos from this historical event, here is the link. After the opening of the tomb, all the researchers participating in the excavations died for various reasons. It was here that the legend about the curses of the pharaohs arose, and people decided not to disturb them once again.

Exploring Tutankhamun's tomb

Egyptian mummies in modern times

As for today, to the Egyptianscientists treat mummies with great care. In 2016, Egyptologist John Johnston conducted a public deployment of an Egyptian mummy. The song Walk Like an Egyptian by the American rock band The Bangles played in the background, and strips with the "flavor" of a mummy were handed out to visitors. As was said, ancient mummies are treated with respect today, so a living person in makeup played the role of the mummy at the event.

Egyptologist John Johnston

Man disguised as a mummy

But mummy dealers, according to opensources, do not go anywhere. One body of an ancient person on the black market can be worth about 3 billion US dollars. No self-respecting archaeologist would unwrap a mummy, and no doctor would offer to eat it. But, perhaps, in some secret clubs, someone defiantly unfolds them so far?