The Internet is replete with all kinds of articles givingadvice on what and how to eat without harm to health. So, according to an article published on newscientist.com, our overall well-being is also affected by whether we eat food together or alone. How can such a fact be related to human metabolism and why can sharing food be beneficial for health? Let's try to understand this delicate question together in this article.
Eating food in a company can be healthier than alone
As you know, the most high-calorie and junk foodmost of us eat during dinner. Such a bad habit can negatively affect our health due to the fact that in the evening the human body is not able to digest all the abundance of food that we so hard impose on it. Researchers believe that a large amount of food consumed before bedtime simply does not digest completely, accumulating in the small intestine and gradually turning into toxins that poison the body. Among other things, due to the fact that in the morning, and not in the evening, the human body is most sensitive to insulin, eating a large amount of food is possible only in the morning, when the postprandial burst of glucose drops much faster compared to late meals. Such selectivity of the body is associated with the need to convert and distribute the energy received from food for the needs of the current day, and knowing and observing this feature significantly reduces the risk of developing diabetes and many other diseases.
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However, according to a new study conducted bywithin the walls of the University of Aberdeen in the UK, the consequences of a harmful dinner can be somewhat reduced if you spend an evening meal in the company. The fact is that during a joint meal with a pleasant environment, the rate of absorption of food slows down significantly, because in addition to dinner, we are also engaged in the exchange of information with like-minded people. In addition, trying to unconsciously impress the interlocutor, we are prone to more accurate and thorough chewing of food. Studies have found that such eating behavior reduces caloric intake by about 12%.
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Chewing speed affects not onlythe calorie content of our dinner, but also on the satiety of food. During the experiments, scientists found that during chewing, the hypothalamus of the human brain begins to produce a special hormone - histamine, which is responsible for the saturation signals supplied to the brain. Due to the fact that the signal about this pleasant feeling reaches the brain only 20 minutes after the start of the meal, the person continues to eat until this time. In other words, by absorbing food quickly, a person, without noticing it, manages to gain a large number of extra calories even before a feeling of fullness comes to him. And vice versa: carefully chewing food, we quickly eat up. Thus, sharing food can not only reduce the calorie content of our dinner, but in some cases can contribute to simple and quick weight loss.