General, Research, Technology

Why can 2020 be the warmest year in the history of observations?

2020 promises to go down in history as the warmestyear in the history of meteorological observations and this already has a number of evidence. According to sciencealert.com, last month we witnessed the warmest January in the world, whose temperature was three degrees above the average temperature for this time of year. The experts of the European Union climate monitoring system also clarify that in a number of countries located from Norway to Russia, the average monthly temperature turned out to be even higher, having beaten the indicators of 30-year-old climate landmarks. So what caused such a sharp warming in the middle of winter and what can it threaten us with?

The winter of 2020 was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations

What threatens global warming?

Global warming, one of the mostpopular topics for discussion in the media lately, it can completely deprive us of winter, at least in the form in which we have already got used to it. Such an unexpected conclusion was made by the specialists of the Climate Change Service of Copernicus (C3S), who are sure that the current weather records are associated with the burning of fossil fuels and human activities. It is known that 2019 was the second hottest year and was only 0.4 degrees colder than 2016. However, if the warm winter of 2016 was caused by the El Niño anticyclone - a periodic natural weather phenomenon over the Pacific Ocean, then the temperature increase in 2019 is due to completely different factors.

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The main cause of global warming, scientists believe the burning of fossil fuels

Record holder for registered temperatureIn 2020, the Norwegian village of Sundndalsora in Western Norway was marked, where on January 2, the temperature was 19 ° C, which is more than 25 ° C higher than the average monthly value. The unusually high temperatures caused the cross-country skiing tracks to be closed in vast areas of Norway and Sweden, but the jump in high temperatures did not stop in the Scandinavian countries, spreading throughout Russia, most of the United States, eastern Canada, Japan and parts of East China.

The temperature was also higher than usual in NewSouth Wales in Australia, triggering massive forest fires that devastated large areas of the state in a few days. Scientists note that atmospheric CO2 concentrations that cause global warming are currently at their highest levels in at least 800,000 years.

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In order to reduce the amount of greenhouseof gases in the atmosphere, the United Nations set itself the goal of gradually reducing the level of anthropogenic emissions, annually reducing their concentration by 7.6 percent over the next decade. The adoption of such measures can significantly limit global warming, the lack of control of which can lead to the extinction of the modern flora and fauna of the planet, jeopardizing the very existence of man.