General, Research, Technology

Why are some people so sure of their innocence?

It is very likely that many of us once in a lifetimehad a chance to face the ubiquitous know-it-all. Well, such an incredibly self-righteous person, presumably smart, but only until the time has come to prove it. Almost immediately, it becomes obvious that his work is either mediocre or frankly bad. Scientists call this behavior the Dunning-Kruger effect. It is observed when a person does not doubt his own competence and experiences the illusion of superiority over others. However, the most striking thing is that almost everyone is exposed to the Dunning-Krueger effect. But how is this possible and what to do with these?

The illusion of knowledge is worse than the lack of knowledge

Who is subject to the illusion of knowledge?

Typically, such people tend to think thatwork better than others in various fields, be it healthcare, business or education. Oddly enough, those with the least talent often exaggerate their capabilities. Studies have shown that people who did poorly with many tests, including grammar, maths and chess, rated themselves as highly as real experts. But who is more susceptible to the Dunning-Krueger effect? In fact, everyone is able to miss the fact that in some matters he is incompetent.

This is interesting: How often do you doubt your own beliefs?

For the first time, David Dunning fromCornell University and its graduate student Justin Kruger back in 1999. They argued that people who were ignorant of some issues were in a quandary, which consists of two parts. Firstly, such people often behave stupidly due to a lack of knowledge. Secondly, a lack of knowledge prevents them from understanding where and what exactly they did wrong. Simply put, ignorant people are too ignorant to realize how ignorant they are.

Although experiencing the Dunning-Krueger effect, we oftenwe close our eyes to our own weaknesses; people usually admit their mistakes if they notice them. Those who doubt their own skills are usually willing to admit that they don’t know much. In turn, experts not only acknowledge that they are knowledgeable, but they think that everyone else is as smart as they are.

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It turns out, competent and extremelyincompetent people end up having misconceptions about themselves and others. Those who do not doubt their own innocence are often unable to recognize their own shortcomings. And in the case when a person is really competent, it is difficult for him to admit that he is different from others. Moreover, many people who adhere to logical or scientifically unfounded ideas tend to claim that their beliefs are backed up by “common sense.” It may seem to them that so they know everything that is needed, and do not wish to admit that they do not know much.

Some people are so ignorant that they are not able to recognize their own shortcomings.

But if the Dunning-Krueger effect doesinconspicuous own flaws, how do you know how competent or incompetent you really are? According to the authors of the already classic study, the best option is to ask others what they think about you, and actually take into account what they say. It is also important to be open to new experiences.

Read even more fascinating stories about what mistakes all representatives of the Homo Sapiens species tend to make unknowingly on our Yandex.Den channel

And yet the Dunning-Krueger effect is notdisadvantage; it is a product of our subjective understanding of the world. In any case, this is a warning against the assumption that we are always right, and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a critical view of our own abilities.