From a scientific point of view, any medicine isa mixture of substances that is needed for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Every person needs these remedies from time to time: for pain, digestive problems, coughs, and so on. Recently, American scientists shared disturbing news - it turned out that tens of millions of pills on sale are fake and pose a danger to human health. It is impossible to say their exact number, because there are more and more sellers of counterfeit medicines every day. In 64.6% of cases, drugs dangerous to health are sold on the Internet, from where 84.6% of people buy them without a prescription. Approximately the same situation is clearly happening in Russia and other countries, that is, every time we take medicines, we risk our health. So what can happen when using counterfeit drugs and how to distinguish them from real ones?
- 1 What are the dangers of counterfeit medicines?
- 2 Types of counterfeit drugs
- 3 Which drugs are counterfeited more often?
- 4 How to distinguish a real medicine from a fake?
Why are counterfeit medicines dangerous?
The main reason for the danger of counterfeit medicines is that no one can check their quality and safety.
In most cases, the composition of the fakemedicine has more active substances than needed. In this case, a person may suffer from an overdose even after taking one tablet. For example, if someone buys counterfeit paracetamol with a dosage violation, he risks being poisoned in the hospital and even dying. Sounds very scary, doesn't it?
The medicine produced in the "cellars" has a verylow quality. Because of this, the dose of the active substance may fluctuate in each tablet. It turns out that a person can get too strong an effect from one pill, and not feel anything from another.
Another danger is thatcounterfeit medicines may contain infections. Firstly, in fraudulent laboratories, it is unlikely that anyone works in masks and gloves - most likely, sheer unsanitary conditions are going on there. Secondly, who can be sure that scammers will not intentionally add something obviously poisonous to the composition?
And finally, counterfeit medicines are dangerous becausewhich are often sold without a prescription. Even if they are of good quality and all dosages are strictly observed, a person may suffer due to taking the wrong medicine.
Types of counterfeit drugs
There are several types of counterfeit medicines.
Sometimes "pacifiers" are on sale, in whichthe active ingredient has been replaced with something harmless like chalk and starch. This is the most harmless option - there is no harm from them, as well as good. The maximum that a person will suffer from is the loss of money and untimely treatment. However, sometimes accidents can happen. For example, if a person takes a "pacifier" during a heart attack.
The second kind of fakes areimitation drugs. In this case, scammers replace the active ingredient with something cheaper and less effective. These are the most dangerous copies, because no one can know for sure how a replacement will affect a person's health.
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What drugs are counterfeited most often?
As a rule, the production of counterfeit drugsare engaged in both Russian and foreign "craftsmen" from China, India, Pakistan and other countries. They make copies of only the most advertised drugs, because they are the most in demand - you can’t make a lot of money on counterfeiting unpopular drugs. If you need to buy a medicine that is in high demand, be sure to check its authenticity. There are many factors that allow you to distinguish the original drug from a fake.
READ ALSO: 5 MOST EXPENSIVE MEDICINES YOU CAN'T FIND IN A PHARMACY
How to distinguish a real medicine from a fake?
The main rule that helps to protect yourself fromfakes are the purchase of medicines in specialized places, pharmacies. If the drug is bought on the Internet, you need to make sure that the store is large and has reviews. If you wandered into a drug store through ads or simply by finding a link in the comments of social networks, you should be wary. Moreover, you can’t buy medicines in stalls or on an ad.
Already purchased drug must be examined.The packaging must be even and dry - dents may hint at improper transportation and storage. The inscriptions must be in Russian, the presence of warning signs and words in Chinese and other languages can also undermine the credibility of the drug. If there are grammatical errors on the box, this is the most obvious sign of a fake!
The following information must be indicated on the packaging:
- trade name of the drug;
- international name (active substance);
- the number of tablets in the package;
- storage and dispensing conditions (by prescription or not);
- batch number, production date and expiration date;
- registration number and barcode.
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Based on everything written above, you can dothe conclusion is that sometimes danger can lie in wait where it should not be. Have you ever come across counterfeit medicines? What do you generally think about this? Write in the comments or our chat.