Mars is a planet of contrasts, consisting of manydeep canyons, huge volcanoes and craters that once contained water. Surely soon the Red Planet will be able to turn into an amazing place for future space tourists who will go to this distant world immediately after the first colonies finally appear on Mars. Where will the Martian tourists go first? Let's try to figure it out together.
- 1 Mount Olympus
- 2 Volcanoes of Tarsis
- 3 Mariner Valley
- 4 Gale Crater
- 5 Medusae Fossae Area
According to the portal space.com, Mount Olympus is the largest volcano in the solar system. Located in the volcanic region of Tarsis, it is the same size as the state of Arizona, and its height is 25 kilometers, which makes this extinct volcano almost three times higher than the Earth’s Mount Everest. Despite the enormous size of the natural object, future researchers can easily climb the volcano, if only because the average slope of Olympus is only 5 percent. Having reached the top of the ancient volcano, tourists will be able to contemplate the impressive depression about 85 kilometers deep, which was formed during one of the ancient Martian eruptions.
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Climbing to Olympus and looking around, youYou can see some other volcanoes in the region. According to NASA, Tarsis has as many as 12 huge heights of volcanoes located in a total area of 4,000 kilometers. Like Olympus, these volcanoes are generally much higher than Earth's due to the low Martian gravity, which allows volcanoes to grow higher and higher. Planetologists claim that all of these volcanoes could erupt over two billion years, or nearly half of the entire history of Mars.
Fortunately for future Martian tourists,Mars is not only the highest elevation of the solar system, but also the largest canyon. According to NASA, the Mariner Valley extends approximately 3,000 kilometers in length, making the canyon almost 3 times larger than the terrestrial Grand Canyon.
Researchers are not sure how it arose.The Mariner Valley, however, they have a couple of assumptions about this. Some scholars suggest that the formation of the Tarsis region contributed to the growth of the Mariner Valley due to the lava, which moved through the volcanic region and pushed the Martian crust up, making cracks in it. After millions of years, gigantic faults have become the largest canyon of the solar system.
Became famous thanks to the landing of the roverCuriosity in 2012, Gale Crater provides extensive evidence of the presence of large amounts of water in the past. Traveling along the bottom of the ancient crater, the rover stumbled upon the channel of the stream literally a few weeks after its landing on Mars. One of Curiosity’s most interesting finds in the region was the discovery of complex organic molecules near the Gale Crater. . Along with finding organics, the data of the rover showed that the concentration of methane in the atmosphere of the Red Planet varies during the seasons. Such an unexpected discovery caused a real sensation in the scientific world, showing the possible presence of microorganisms on Mars.
Medusae Fossae Region
Medusae Fossae is one of the most unusual places onMars, presented as a huge volcanic deposit, the size of which is approximately one fifth of the size of the United States. Over time, the winds turned the rocks into several beautiful formations. A 2018 study showed that the formation was most likely due to the extremely powerful volcanic eruptions that warmed Mars for some time and made its climate warmer in the distant past.