Mold is a special type of fungus consisting ofmany tiny organisms that are practically invisible to us with the naked eye. Meeting almost everywhere, from ancient times she accompanied a person, bringing him both harm and benefit. How harmful is mold and where does it come from? Let's try to figure this out.
What is mold?
Each of us saw mold at least once in hisof life. Despite the fact that outwardly the mold looks like a spotty multi-colored “something”, if you look at it under a microscope, you can see that it consists of strings with a bunch of balls around. These tiny balls are the spores by which it multiplies. Flying in the air, spores enter our food, skin, and lungs, causing respiratory and digestive problems.
Interesting fact: Aspergillus niger from the penicillin genus is able to secrete the well-known citric acid.
If so, then how are cheese cheeses withmold? Fortunately, molds bring to humanity not only harm, but even some benefits. In nature, there are several types of mold that can be eaten. Most often they are used in the preparation of wines, beer, bread, yeast, marble cheeses and even sausages! Due to the existence of mold in nature, we have various enzymes and antibiotics, among which is the well-known penicillin, which helps in the treatment of many internal diseases.
See also: Mold can withstand radiation doses that kill a person
What is mold for?
As you know, in nature there is nothing superfluous, and,molds are no exception. To maintain their livelihoods, mushrooms process plant debris, rotting roots and grass, fallen branches and leaves, organic matter of dead organisms, dead insects and animal excrement, that is, they are reducers - “wipers” of nature. Destroying dead organic matter, they return carbon compounds to the soil, thereby enriching it. The work carried out by molds on the mineralization and decomposition of various organic compounds plays an important role in the scale of the Earth's biosphere, thereby closing the carbon cycle in nature.
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Why is mold growing?
Coming from the street, we always go into the house not alone: on ourselves and on our clothes we bring various types of microorganisms, including mold spores. And, of course, in our homes there is a breeding ground for the reproduction of these spores, which gradually turn into mold. Such a favorable environment can be paper, wood, concrete, stones, fabrics, whitewashing and even indoor flowers. Settling on these surfaces, spores need another important condition: the presence of increased humidity and poor ventilation.
In order to turn into a full-fledgedmold, spores should “attach” to one or another surface, and if the ventilation in the room is poor and humidity is high (the corner in the bathroom or a bag of vegetables may become ideal surfaces for mold formation), then the mold will easily settle there , because all the conditions for growth and subsequent reproduction will be met.