How to work less, but at the same time earnmore and not too tired? This question worries, perhaps, not only many Russians, but also many residents of other countries around the world. It turns out that there is a recipe. The transition to a four-day working week. With such a proposal in early June, made the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev. As an example, he cited the successful experience of foreign countries, where companies can afford to pay three days off a week. How does it work and how will technology help? Let's figure it out.
The experience of other countries
As an example, Medvedev cited oneNew Zealand company, which refused to five days. Now its employees work only 4 days a week and rest 3. Such a transition allowed to increase the productivity of the company's employees by 20 percent.
This is not the only example. In Holland, a four-day week is almost a standard phenomenon. In Denmark and Norway, people work on average no more than 33 hours per week. Recall that these are European countries with the highest economic indicators. The four-day work week is also used by some US companies. In particular, employees of Google, one of the largest technology companies in the world, have been working only four days a week for several years.
More recently, on the transition to the four-dayworking week announced the head of the corporation of the Virgin Group, Richard Branson. One of its companies is going to send tourists into space, and the other is to transport people in underground tunnels at a speed of more than 1000 km / h. So, he says that working five days a week, having a two-day rest, and still having a couple of weeks off a year is not such an old tradition. This norm appeared and was fixed at the beginning of the last century, reflecting both the increased productivity of labor and the growing needs of people in classes outside of work. Again, Branson refers to the successful experience of switching to a four-day work week in Google and other companies.
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The pros of a four-day work week
Scientists say: The four-day work week has a positive effect on the psychological and physical condition of people. People will be able to devote more time to their families, more to do their household chores. Surveys show that 60% of people simply do not have time to go to the gym. The way out is to buy a treadmill or exercise bike. But even at the end of the week they often simply do not have any strength left.
Three days off will help avoid chronic fatigue, which can lead to prolonged depression and stress. The transition to a new schedule will reduce the number of hospital.
What does technology have to do with it?
Four-day presenters say transitionit is possible through the improvement of labor efficiency, as well as the automation of production. The first point historically allowed to reduce working time and increase the time for non-working needs. The second will allow us to shift part of our work duties to machines.
There are already many examples of using robots. Take at least the same robot guards. After all, it is for this that they are created - to replace a person where it is possible. Experts predict that in the future in general, all progressive humanity will stop working. For them it will be done by robots endowed with artificial intelligence. They will do all the work faster and more accurately people. Many companies are switching to the use of industrial robots that perform the most difficult work. Moreover, these machines make it more accurate and faster than people.
It is also interesting to read: Artificial Intelligence in 2019: is the Terminator already or not?
When in Russia will work four days a week?
Despite the large number of holidays,Russians work a lot. According to statistics from the International Labor Organization (ILO) for 2017, with a 40-hour work week, the inhabitants of our country have 1980 working hours per year. For comparison, in the same US 1,790 working hours per year. And this despite the fact that they have less holidays.
The problem is that we have a verylow labor productivity (the ratio of goods produced and services and the time that was spent on it). According to experts, you need to increase it by 20 percent. The current annual growth in labor productivity barely exceeds 1%. Thus, we need 20 years to move to a new schedule more or less painlessly.
How do the Russians themselves feel about the new idea?
VCIOM polls show that 48% of respondentsRussians do not support this idea and oppose it. 29% are positive, 17% say they don’t care, and another 6% find it difficult to give a clear answer. The idea of introducing the four-day week was favorably appreciated by Russian residents of large million-plus cities, where the salary is higher on average. Negatively appreciated the new idea of residents of small cities and other small settlements. The main concern is a drop in wages.
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