Most often we don’t even realize it, but ourthe body is constantly trained during walking and even inactivity. The average person, as a rule, weighs 70-85 kilograms, and in order to maintain this mass, different muscle groups are constantly under stress and therefore cannot fully weaken. Unfortunately, astronauts are deprived of such a passive method of training the body - inside the spacecraft their bodies are completely relaxed, therefore the weakening of their muscles occurs very quickly. To prevent this, they are forced to exercise for at least two hours, but American scientists believe that you can maintain muscle health even with a special diet.
The diet proposed by scientists includes red wine,blueberries, peanuts and cocoa. All of these products contain an extremely beneficial substance called resveratrol. Plants use it to protect against parasites, and in the human body it fights against inflammation and prevents the formation of tumors. In 1997, for example, this substance proved its ability to stop the development of skin cancer in mice.
The benefits of red wine
In addition to the anti-inflammatory effect, redwine and a variety of nuts containing resveratrol, can prevent and weakening the muscles in zero gravity. To prove this, scientists from Harvard University hung a group of 24 male rats to the ceiling of the cage and thus recreated the conditions of weightlessness, where animals do not need to make efforts to keep their body. Once a day, experimental rats were given a mixture containing the above-described resveratrol. Another group of rodents was not suspended, and drank plain water.
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For two weeks, the muscles hangingthe rodents should have visibly weakened, but this did not happen. Scientists checked how well the experimental rats hold things in their paws, and it turned out that they remained as strong as ordinary relatives. The miraculous effect of resveratrol is still impossible to explain, but scientists believe that it was possible to keep the muscles healthy due to the anti-inflammatory properties of the substance.
Survival on Mars
Many probably have a question - where doessurvival on mars? Scientists believe that without a special diet during long space travel and living on another planet is not enough. In both cases, the human body, accustomed to terrestrial conditions, will find itself in an unfamiliar environment for it, where muscles do not need to make an effort to hold the body.
Simulator on the International Space Station
At the moment, the crew of the International SpaceThe station maintains a healthy state of its body with the help of special simulators. However, the first people on Mars will not have sports equipment, because they need to be brought from a distant Earth, or they can build it themselves. All this will take quite a lot of time.
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It is possible to quickly settle on Mars andcontinue to life on it allow these products. Also, do not forget that during the flight, and even stay on the Red Planet, astronauts will be exposed to double the risk of cancer. It can be assumed that red wine and nuts are sure to be included in their daily diet.
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