About 70 thousand years ago, Homo Sapiens wasan insignificant animal living somewhere on the African continent. But in the millennia that followed, the Sapiens became the rulers of the planet: we subdued the environment, increased food production, built cities and connected them with trade networks. But our achievements, no matter how beautiful they look from the outside, have a downside, because our civilization has endangered more than one million species of animals and plants, and the rapid climate change (also the work of man) brings catastrophic consequences every year. But if other, now non-existing civilizations dominated the planet before us, does this mean that we are rapidly approaching sunset? No one knows the exact answers to these questions, but let's try to figure out what the next ten years will be for us.
- 1 Great civilizations of the past
- 2 Where is our civilization heading?
- 3 What will our world be like in 10 years?
- 3.1 Fighting fake news
- 3.2 Genetic Revolution
- 3.3 Space Revolution
Great civilizations of the past
People have existed for several hundred thousand years, but until the last 7000 years, we roamed the earth in small groups, hunting, collecting edible plants and fearing threats from other people, animals.
and weather conditions. Everything changed after the development of tools, weapons and fire, and the first large
a step towards civilization was the domestication of animals for food, clothing, transportation and communication.
As he writes in a work entitled "Sunrise and Sunsetcivilizations ”William R. Nester = (William R. Nester), then the domestication of plants followed, when small groups began to settle in the river valleys, sow and harvest. Over the centuries, some of these settlements have developed into complex civilizations that include most or all of the following components:
- cattle breeding and agriculture; complex, hierarchical political, social, economic, military, and religious institutions, each with a division of labor;
- the use of metals, wheels and writing; clearly defined territories;
- trade with other peoples.
It is believed that the first "civilization" originated inMesopotamia around 5000 BC BC, and over the next 6,500 years or so, great civilizations grew and appeared elsewhere, expanded their rule, and then perished for a variety of interconnected political, technological, economic, military, and environmental causes.
Scientists have recently solved the mystery of deaththe Mayan civilization - one of the brightest civilizations in the history of mankind, the dawn of which came approximately in the III-IX centuries. As the results of several scientific studies have shown at once, which I described in detail in this article, among the reasons for the death of the Maya, researchers single out several factors at once - droughts, wars, food shortages, etc.
Where is our civilization heading?
According to data obtained usingcomputer model ESCIMO, we have just passed the "point of no return" - the moment when humanity could prevent the most severe consequences of rapid climate change. In a paper published in the journal Nature Scientific Reports, the researchers write the following: "Even if all emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere are reduced to zero right now, this will not stop the rise in global temperatures."
In 2019, 11 thousand scientists from around the world at once published a statement according to which climate change could destroy our civilization.
Yet despite this disturbing news,Hopefully, we will meet 2030 and all the decades to come, caring for the environment and looking to the future with optimism. We do not want it, the passage of time is inexorable, and with it the changes in all areas of everyday life. Thus, many researchers regard the near future as a time even more technological than ours.
What will our world be like in 10 years? Fighting fake news
As stated in the article published on the portalScience Focus, technology can lead us to a world where we will not be sure what is real and what is not. At the same time, thanks to technology, we can distinguish fact from fiction, which is especially relevant in the era of fake news and Deepfake.
For example, some AI startups use algorithmsmachine learning to identify fakes and errors on the Internet. “Fake news and social media have eroded trust in traditional media that have failed to adapt to the new reality. Solving the problem of fake news requires rebuilding the news ecosystem and educating people to think critically and to be more responsible on social media, ”said Michael Bronstein, co-founder of AI startup Fabula, a professor of computing at Imperial College London. Well, let's hope this fight against fake news will be successful.
Do you want to keep abreast of the latest scientific discoveries? Subscribe to our news channel on Google News so you don't miss out on anything interesting!
Today, many researchers place greathopes for the CRISPR method for genome editing, which can be used to treat inherited diseases or significantly reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. There is even talk of the possibility of reversing biological aging. But how far can we go in this war on disease? After all, most ailments are caused not by one gene, but by a combination of several genes and environmental factors. Some genes that predispose us to one disease simultaneously protect us from another.
Researchers note that one of the mainThe problem today is the availability of CRISPR, which is expensive. Moreover, editing the human genome also raises ethical dilemmas - for example, a widely publicized act of a Chinese scientist who used CRISPR-Cas9 technology on unborn babies, for which he is now serving time in prison.
However, many scientists hope that in the futurephysicians will be allowed to use this technique for the benefit of the people, but the "finer details" have yet to be determined. It appears that different cultures will approach ethical issues differently. So in this regard, the future is complex and difficult to predict.
The last time a man's foot stepped onthe surface of the moon in 1972. Then few could predict that people would not return to Earth's satellite for another 50 years. As for the latest plans of the world space agencies (both private and public), the plans for the next decade include not only the launch of robotic vehicles, such as the Europa Clipper (scheduled to start in 2021), the James Webb Space Telescope, but also a return to the Moon and human flight to Mars.
In general, speaking about space exploration, I wantto believe that the exploration of the solar system and the observable universe in the next 10 years will bring long-awaited news and answers to questions that excite the imagination. Who knows, maybe in 2030 humanity will know for sure that it is not alone in the vastness of the infinite universe. What do you think the world will be like in the near future? We will wait for the answer here, as well as in the comments to this article.