General, Research, Technology

What will space exploration be in 2069?

In 2069, the world will celebrate the centenary of the firstlanding on the moon. But what will our world be like in 50 years? If we put aside the pessimistic forecasts of scientists, we can imagine the amazing future of mankind - the continuation of the era of space exploration. Already today, specialists plan to create a base on the moon, the potential extraction of minerals and even water on the lunar surface, which can be converted into rocket fuel. However, the most interesting thing is that the Moon can become the starting point for future space flights. But where do we go?

What will be the spaceship of the future?

The moon is the path to distant worlds

Let's start by asking why on the agendais the return of man to the moon? It would seem that such trips are quite expensive, besides, it is not very clear what you can do there, because the moon is not the most suitable conditions for a comfortable pastime. Perhaps the fact is that the Moon is considered a great place to launch missions into deep space. Ultimately, it all comes down to the fact that the most difficult part of any space travel is the launch of a rocket out of Earth's gravity.

Alex Elerie, Associate Professor of SpaceRobotics and space technology at Carleton University in Canada, said in an interview with The Conversation about various ways to use the weak gravity of the moon. One of the ways - the construction of a new space station that revolves around a satellite of the Earth - such projects are just planned by NASA, Roscosmos and other international space companies. Another way is to build a base on the surface of the moon using lunar resources. This is a rather ambitious way, but could ultimately become safer and more sustainable. Read more about space exploration on our channel in Yandex.Zen.

Returning to the moon may be a good idea.

There are actually a lot of useful things on the moon: aluminum, titanium, silicon, ceramics, reagents, etc., from which a whole infrastructure can be built using robotics. Today, many experts believe that the true value of the exploration of the moon lies in its use as a springboard to Mars.

But not only. The most daring assumptions relate to future travels to the moons of Jupiter and Saturn - the moons that can hide life in themselves. But do not forget that Europe or Enceladus are ice worlds, and life there is most likely present in the form of microorganisms deep beneath the surface of the moons.

Will we be able to leave Earth?

When it comes to finding life elsewhereThe solar system, a big concern is that people (and robots created by people) can pollute alien ecosystems. At the same time, futurologists and some scientists, including the British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking, warn that space exploration is a necessary part of human survival. However, the high cost of space flights discourages many investors. So, from the point of view of economic efficiency, space may not be the most profitable way to save humanity. Many people invest in combating climate change and environmental pollution, while the development of space travel can be both a backup option and a great addition to working on Earth. After all, one of the best ways to monitor the environment is from space.

Going beyond the limits of the solar system may be the only way for our species to survive.

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One of the main issues today is to the red planet. Some experts predict that it will take place in the next 30 or one hundred years. And to go beyond our solar system to exoplanets will be much more difficult, but this is the next step. Some experts, such as Frederic Marin, an astrophysicist at the University of Strasbourg in France, are working on a giant spacecraft that will support the life of several generations. Today, no one can say for sure whether this is possible from a biological point of view, from the point of view of physics, chemistry, food production and energy production, artificial gravity and so on. However, we will find out if we do not try. Do you agree?