In May of this year, the rocket launched by SpaceX,the company founded by Ilon Mask, put into orbit a very large amount of payload. It was among him and 60 satellites, which will form the basis of the global Internet network Starlink. In the coming years, SpaceX plans to launch almost 12,000 satellites to provide broadband Internet access services across the globe. But what will happen when this program works in full force?
Why do you need a global satellite network
According to a recent UN report, at the end of 201849.2% of the population of our planet still does not have broadband access to the world wide web. At the same time, if in Europe 80% of the population use the Internet without problems, in Africa, this figure is much more modest - only 22%.
It comes from the fact that the gasketFiber-optic cable in poor regions of our planet is not economically viable, and the coverage of these zones with fast mobile Internet requires a critical mass of solvent customers who, for the reason already mentioned, do not exist in these regions.
Who will provide the Earth with fast Internet?
Currently, a number of companies are developing and implementing technologies that are likely to make a revolution in the provision of broadband access. The only question is who will be the first.
In addition to SpaceX, Amazon has announced plans to launchover 3000 satellites. OneWeb, supported by SoftBank and Richard Branson, has also begun preparing and deploying a network of more than 600 satellites. New satellites promise to be faster, smaller and more powerful than previous models, offering a delay of 25-35 milliseconds. And this is comparable with some cable DSL-systems.
Another approach is offered by Google. The search giant is experimenting with balloons that work like a kind of flying cell towers. And Facebook, together with Airbus, is exploring the possibility of distributing the Internet using unmanned aerial vehicles.
Why is SpaceX the first to deploy a network of satellites
The company Ilona Mask is already significantly aheadcompetitors and by the end of 2020 plans to put into orbit up to 800 satellites. Competitors are far from these numbers. OneWeb is committed to deploying the network by 2021, and Amazon doesn’t name any start-up dates. Although it is hard to imagine that Jeff Bezos’s company will miss such a promising market.
How Starlink Works
By and large, the company Ilona Mask onlymodifies available technology. Today there are several providers around the world that provide Internet access via satellite communications. For this purpose, a transceiver is used - a device for receiving and adding a satellite radio signal. Something like a modem, but for working with satellites. So why not use existing satellites? The fact is that they are located at an altitude of about 36 thousand kilometers. And because of this, the radio waves have to travel a long distance, which leads to delays. Interference is added to this and, as a result, the connection speed is not particularly pleasing.
Starlink should fix this problem. Satellites will be located at an altitude of 335 to 1325 kilometers, which will significantly reduce delays. In addition, it is planned to deploy ground stations that will transmit information to satellites using radio waves. And the satellites themselves between themselves will already exchange data using lasers. You can read more about how the SpaceX satellite network works in our material on this topic.
Why do you need a global network of Internet satellites
Analysts predict that in the next three to fiveFor years, most of the planet will have access to reliable and fast broadband. According to their calculations, more than three billion people will have access to products and services that were previously unavailable to them. These include educational platforms, online stores and social networks. The new audience of these services will contribute to the growth of the entire global economy.
This is interesting: Starlink satellite Internet may be banned in Russia.
In addition, remote regions will receivethe ability to communicate using high-quality audio and video communications, exchange messages and receive information. You can safely communicate using the Internet in areas where previously it was not available.
Development in the field ofentertainment content. Services for streaming movies, TV shows and music will receive a new audience. In the end, all these services will not only receive additional funding, but also be able to use these funds to develop their platforms, which will ultimately benefit everyone, including us.
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