Can one bequeath his body to science? Despite the fact that in Russia this process is not regulated in any way, in some countries of the world such an act will not surprise anyone. If you are going to become a body donor, then keep in mind that it is impossible to allow several accredited institutions to use it at once, even though they are likely to find use for it. And not even one. Moreover, the processes that occur with the human body after death may complicate the donation process somewhat. We understand what happens to the human body when it is bequeathed to science.
In what countries can scientists bequeath their bodies to scientists?
The first stop on our list is UnitedStates of America. In this country, the donation process is not strictly regulated, while it is somewhat controversial from a legal point of view. The American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB) provides accreditation to organizations that want to accept the bodies of the deceased as donations, as the International Institute for Advanced Medicine does. However, from a legal point of view, the American Association of Tissue Banks is not obliged to do this, which undoubtedly can raise questions. However, donations like these are popular in the United States today, thanks in large part to publications in National Geographic.
Sunny Spain is another country in whichyou can bequeath your body to science. The most famous institution is the Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Complutense de Madrid. But in the United Kingdom the situation is a little more complicated. The process is overseen by the Human Tissue Authority, which works with 19 licensed medical facilities. One of them can be contacted to begin the process of body donation. According to the Human Tissues Act of 2004, the sale of body parts in the UK is illegal, but in the United States it is not.
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What should be the body?
In order for organizations to accept the body inAs a donation, a number of conditions must be met. In the applicant's medical history there should be no infectious diseases, and the general state of health must be satisfactory. High fat bodies are not accepted. If death has occurred as a result of violent acts or an autopsy has been performed, medical facilities will also not accept the body. If the body meets the required criteria of the organizations and is accepted as a donation, a series of difficult procedures will follow. Employees of scientific and medical institutions adhere to strict ethical rules in relation to the deceased. After parting with the deceased, specialists begin embalming, during which liquid is injected into the body for disinfection and preparation for opening, after which it is sent for storage in the refrigerator for later use. It should be noted that the body can wait for its “finest hour” for months and even years. However, you cannot store bodies for more than 10 years.
What is being done with the donated body?
Embalmed bodies often providemedical students for an autopsy. At the same time, it can take months to remove the skin and study muscles, nerves and organs. After a detailed study of the extracted body tissues, the remains are collected and cremated. But what else do scientists do with the body? It turns out that some bodies become “testers” of crash tests, models for X-ray images, and also go to the autopsy to check the most different (of all possible) damage to the body. In the US, some donated bodies are used for forensics under the supervision of the University of Tennessee. More bodies are sent to exhibitions (partially or fully).
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UK citizens have the opportunity to choosethe organization they want to bequeath their body to. Moreover, one can even list the bodies that medical students will study, or in the course of other studies, including specific diseases. And if the donor has not set a time limit, then the body is cremated after 3 years. Some organs can be handed over several times to different institutions. Also, the donor may indicate a specific disease for the study of which I would like to donate the body, but there is no guarantee that this will happen.