On the night of July 16-17, most peoplethe territory of Russia will be able to see the so-called private lunar eclipse. The satellite of our planet during its movement in orbit will plunge into the southern part of the earth's shadow. This will be the last for the next six years, a lunar eclipse with a significant darkening of the moon, which can be observed from the territory of Eastern Europe.
What is a lunar eclipse?
The lunar eclipse is the moment when the moonhiding in the shadow of the Earth and we do not see it completely (total lunar eclipse) or partially (partial). During this phenomenon, the Earth is located on the line between the Moon and the Sun. During an eclipse, the satellite is colored with a characteristic red hue. This is explained by the fact that the rays of the sun reflected from the moon, passing tangentially to the earth’s surface, are scattered in the atmosphere of our planet and partially reflected back to the surface of the moon. The Earth's atmosphere is most transparent to the rays of the red-orange part of the light spectrum, which reflects the surface of the satellite.
When to watch a lunar eclipse?
As noted on the website of the Moscow Planetarium, the duration of a shadow eclipse on the night of July 16-17 will be 1 hour 58 minutes.
The main part of the eclipse can be seen starting at 23:00 by Moscow time. At this time, the darkening of the left side of the satellite will be clearly visible. The moon will begin to dive into the shadow of the Earth.
At 0:31 Moscow time on July 17 there will be a maximum phase of a partial eclipse. 65 percent of the lunar disk will be in the shadow of our planet. At this point, the redness of the moon will be maximized. Eclipse will end at 2:00 Moscow timewhen the satellite is completely out of the earth's shadow.
Where to watch the lunar eclipse?
According to the Moscow Planetarium, some phasesprivate eclipses of the moon will be visible: in most of Europe, most of Asia, Australia, Africa, the southeastern United States, South America, the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean, and Antarctica.
It can be observed almost throughout the entire territory of Russia, except for the northern and remote eastern regions.
“The best observation conditions will be in the Crimea and onthe northern Caucasus, where the height of the moon above the horizon will reach 20 °, and summer weather conditions are more likely to favor observations, ”the report says.
"It will be clearly seen in the European part of Russia(except its north), where the eclipse will occur near local midnight. The initial phases of the eclipse will also be visible in southwestern Siberia already in the morning, on the approach of the Moon. In most of the visibility zone in our country, the moon will be low over the southern horizon, ”the Moscow Planetarium website notes.
With cloudless weather, a lunar eclipseMoscow residents will also be able to see. The Planetarium notes that the eclipse will be visible to the naked eye, but astronomers advise watching it with binoculars or a small telescope. Not far from the moon plunging into the shadow, Saturn can be seen, and to the right (to the west) Jupiter can be seen.
When to wait for the next eclipse?
According to RIA Novosti, referring tothe head of the observatory of the St. Petersburg Planetarium Maria Smirnova, the next lunar eclipse with significant satellite shadowing will take place only after 6 years - September 7, 2025. At this time, the inhabitants of Russia will be able to see a total lunar eclipse. The satellite of the planet will turn completely red.
By the way, not so long ago there was a total solar eclipse. Who missed, rather see photos of this event.