Research, Technology

What items are included in the essentials?

In an article on sugar production methods, wementioned that it is one of the essential products. Such goods include everything that every person needs for life, and their cost is strictly controlled by the government. Since sugar, salt and other foodstuffs are vital, care must be taken that sellers do not inflate their prices by more than 15% of the manufacturer's value. Thanks to this, it is possible to achieve that they remain accessible to all categories of citizens, even in difficult life situations. In addition to products, household items such as personal hygiene products, matches, pet food, and so on can be added to the list of socially significant goods. And, of course, in the house of each person there should be medicines for first aid: iodine, brilliant green, paracetamol, and so on. Let's look at this topic in more detail.

Prices for essential goods should be such that everyone can afford them

Products from the list of socially significant goods

On the list of essential foodsincludes meat, dairy, bakery and other kinds of products from which you can cook simple and hearty meals. The category of socially significant meat products includes pork, beef, lamb and chicken meat, but there is no boneless meat and chicken legs in it. Also on the list are frozen fish, drinking milk with a fat content of 2 to 3.2%, chicken eggs, sugar, salt, bread, black tea, wheat flour of the first and highest grade, as well as pasta. Vegetables with fruits are also not forgotten: potatoes, onions, white cabbage, carrots and apples are also vital for the human body.

Bread is one of the staple foods

It goes without saying this list does not include semi-finished products, sweets, and even more so alcoholic drinks and chips.

List of socially significant products, costwhich is regulated by the authorities, is defined by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 530. In order to prevent a shortage of products in difficult times like a pandemic, retail chains are sometimes allowed to limit the sale of certain socially significant products to one person. This means that shops have the right not to sell sugar, salt, flour, and so on in large quantities to one person. Such a restriction makes it possible to ensure that there is enough food for all people.

Alcohol and chips, of course, are not included in the list of essential products.

According to open sources, regional authorities can expand the list of essential products by issuing their own order. But no one has the right to remove products from the list.

Non-food essentials

People need more than just foodfood, but also personal care products and other products. These include laundry and hand washing soap, toilet paper, baby diapers and nappies, motor gasoline, pet food and medicine, and matches. For several years now, wet and dry wipes, hand sanitizers and sanitary masks have been particularly important hygiene products.

Soap is one of the most important household essentials.

The entire list of essential goods from thiscategories can be found in the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 27, 2020 No. 762-r. As in the case of food products, regional authorities can expand this list of goods.

See also: What is contaminated seafood that we eat?

Essential medicines

In addition to food and hygiene products,Every home should have a first aid kit. If someone cuts themselves, iodine, brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide and sterile plasters with bandages should always be at hand. In case of poisoning, first aid can be provided to a person by giving him activated charcoal - it acts as a sorbent that collects and removes harmful substances from the body. Validol and Corvalol are required to calm the first aid kit, and in case of fainting, ammonia is needed. To relieve pain, analgin is used, at elevated temperatures paracetamol, and naphthyzinum is necessary for nasal congestion. As a rule, all essential medical supplies are inexpensive.

It is important to ensure that medicines in the first aid kit are not expired.

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All these tools should be in every first aid kit.At the same time, it is important to ensure that they do not have an expired shelf life - you need to get rid of old medicines. This requires special care, because when released into the environment, many products cause irreparable harm to nature. My colleague Lyubov Sokovikova talked about how to deal with expired medicines in this article.