General, Research, Technology

What is the most complex robot on earth?

When it comes to robots, it already seemsno one imagines footage from Terminator. People have learned how to use robots for the benefit of society, and now under this definition are not only human-like machines, but also those that are simply able to automate a particular process. Huge industrial robots are used in mining enterprises, car assembly plants and household appliances, and their small counterparts settled in some houses. But is there the most complex robot on earth? And if so, how does it look and work?

Atlas wasn’t always human.

Content

  • 1 How to create the most complex robot
  • 2 New Atlas Boston Dynamics Robot
  • 3 How is the most complex robot
  • 4 Why do we need robots

How the most complex robot was created

Such a robot was created almost 7 years ago, and itconstantly being improved, so far no one has managed to surpass it. The United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), together with Boston Dynamics, have developed the Atlas humanoid robot. He is well versed in space and has 28 hydraulic joints, many sensors and an advanced control system.

It looked like the prototype of the first Atlas robot

Boston Dynamics says it’s originally a robotcontrolled by the operator, in order to create a three-dimensional map of the area of ​​movement. However, then the humanoid was able to move independently with information already entered into its database about the environment and obstacles along the way.

At first, he really looked like a servant from“Skynet” and could not move without connecting to a managed computer and power. He had a height of 190 centimeters and a weight of 136 kilograms. It took developers a couple of years to release a new version of the Atlas robot, which became the most complex robot on earth. First, they updated its firmware, and then - and the whole "body", making the robot even more like a human.

New Atlas Boston Dynamics Robot

Developers added to the humanoid robota 3.7 kWh battery, which can provide him with an hour of battery life, including moving and some other actions. In addition, engineers had to use lighter materials to create the Atlas enclosure to compensate for the increase in mass by installing a battery. The creators also added a wireless module for communication to the robot and improved its moving parts, increasing the freedom of movement of the humanoid. His height was reduced to 1.5 meters, and weight - to 75 kilograms, so that it was easier to perform maneuvers. Engineers wanted to make the robot as light and durable as possible, many of them were made from scratch by developers from Boston Dynamics and printed on a 3D printer. No one else has it.

Since then, the creators of the robot are engaged in the fact thatimprove his navigation system and teach him new movements that could potentially be useful to him when working in difficult conditions. So, last year Atlas learned to turn around in a 360 degree jump - just like a gymnast. How does he manage all this?

Atlas has separate motors for each limb, an integrated cooling system and wires that resemble human veins

Atlas has one of the most compact mobilehydraulic systems in the world. Atlas can deliver the required power to any of its 28 hydraulic connections through dedicated engines, valves and a hydraulic power pack. That is why he is so fervently engaged in parkour, runs, somersaults - no other robot is capable of this. And since no one produces analogues, Boston Dynamics is forced to make most components from scratch.

For several years, the robot was providedadvanced control system, thanks to which he knows a lot of movements. It takes 0.5 seconds to plan each movement - during this time the robot analyzes the space around itself (from the sensors), weighs itself (evaluating whether there is enough power to lift the body and overcome the obstacle) and makes a decision. Interestingly, the engineers managed to teach the robot how to use hands to balance the body like a human.

Maximum Atlas robot speed is 1.5 m / s or 5.4 km / h, which is comparable to the speed of a person walking.

Some in our Telegram chat thought thatthe robot has intelligence, but it is not. Its software was completely written by engineers who can control the robot using macros (for example, make it run, crouch, take a step and so on). That is, it is either controlled “from the remote control” or simply executes programmed commands. Teams are already being transformed into micro actions and limb algorithms to provide these movements. The humanoid is controlled using a robotic operating system (ROS - Robotics Operating System). Most of the extensions for it are written in the programming languages ​​C ++ and Python. True, this information was not officially confirmed - Boston Dynamics holds a lot of secrets. Why, it’s the most complex robot in the world.

Why robots are needed

Boston Dynamics plans - add to the robotartificial intelligence, and there and up to the ability to respond to teams nearby. Of course, you can write down a set of phrases and embed them, but these are some kind of “innovation for the sake of innovation”, which is now even in your smart column. Here the scale is completely different.

Now, for example, Boston Dynamics robots help in the fight against coronavirus in the United States.

Altas was originally created forrescue operations after man-made or natural disasters. For example, to eliminate the consequences after the tsunami and the explosion of a nuclear power plant, as happened in Japan in 2011. But every year there are more and more spheres of its application, and who knows - maybe in 20 years such Altas will meet you at the reception at the hotel. Or used as a replacement for soldiers in the army. Although ... the first option is better.