What is the difference between introverts and extroverts?

For decades, scientists have been tryingexplain the difference between those of us who like to be surrounded by people and those who avoid this in every way. In recent decades, the situation has become a little clearer - it became known that the brain works differently for extroverts and introverts. An important conclusion follows from here - to remake yourself from an introvert to an extrovert and vice versa will not work. That is, no matter how many Dale Carnegie books on how to make friends, introverts have not read, nothing good will come of it. And if it happens, then health problems will not take long.

The brain of introverts and extroverts works differently

The effect of dopamine

If instead of going to a party whereall your acquaintances and friends gather, you stay at home reading your favorite book or watching a series, the first thing to understand is that everything is fine with you. And if you are an extrovert, then stop inviting your introvert friends to such events. Im really not good there. And the brain is to blame.

One of the main differences between the brainintroverts and extroverts is how we react to the dopamine neurotransmitter. Dopamine is a chemical released in the brain that provides motivation for external benefits, such as making money, climbing the social ladder, attracting an assistant, or selecting to participate in high-profile projects at work. When dopamine floods the brain, both introverts and extroverts become more talkative, alert and ready to explore the environment. But why then do introverts prefer solitude?
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Not everyone likes to constantly receive incentives from outside.

This is not to say that introverts have less dopaminein the brain than in extroverts. In fact, both introverts and extroverts have the same amount of dopamine. The difference lies in the activity of the reward chain for dopamine. For extroverts, the noise and crowd at a concert are not just part of the fun. In fact, these stimuli from outside serve as a signal to them that they are achieving their goal - rewards for communication and a fun night. But introverts do not feel comfortable due to the use of another neurotransmitter by the brain - acetylcholine. Like dopamine, acetylcholine is associated with pleasure. The difference is that acetylcholine helps us relax.

Introverts cause excessive dopamine releaseanxiety, so they try to retire. Solitude gives introverts a sense of relaxation, as acetylcholine begins to be produced in their body. And extroverts are more sensitive to dopamine than to acetylcholine. That is why they need more stimulation from the outside.

Why are there so few introverts?

If you look closely at the modernsociety, it will become obvious that the world belongs to extroverts. Both at school and university, and at work, people around you evaluate your communication skills. Try not to come to the next corporate party, as your boss will immediately call you with questions about why you do not want to communicate with colleagues. And how many do not explain about the differences in the reward system, you are still strongly recommended to join the general fun. The team is the same.

According to UN estimates, companies will berecruit university graduates based on their ability to communicate with others. And only secondarily, the employer will pay attention to the possession of professional skills. But the general level of education will interest them last.

Solitude and self-acceptance are the key to introvert happiness

Given all of the above, scientists adviseintroverts accept themselves. Attempts to remake yourself from an introvert to an extrovert overload the nervous system, as a result of which various diseases can occur. It is not within our power to change those around us, but we can change our attitude towards ourselves. Understanding your personalities and accepting them is the key to a healthy and happy introvert life.

And extroverts should relate to theirintroverted friends, colleagues and relatives with understanding. Not all of us enjoy long conversations or staying with other people. It is necessary to allow introverts to be who they are - solitary thinkers, mathematicians, astrophysicists, writers. In the end, they make our world more beautiful.

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