Research, Technology

What is monkeypox and will it appear in Russia?

Doctors from several countries of the world sharedThe disturbing news is that some people have been diagnosed with monkeypox. For example, in Spanish Madrid, eight cases of the disease were detected at once, and in neighboring Portugal, the number of potentially infected people is 20 people. It is noteworthy that the majority of patients are young men. The type of smallpox found in humans is considered a rare disease, so the news is both surprising and disturbing. The disease is transmitted to humans from animals, but at the moment, WHO experts cannot say for sure what caused such sudden outbreaks. Let's find out what are the symptoms of monkeypox, how serious is this disease and can it appear in Russia?

It is clear that this type of smallpox is transmitted from monkeys, but how to recognize it?

Content

  • 1 Where did monkeypox originate?
  • 2 How is monkeypox transmitted?
  • 3 Monkeypox symptoms
  • 4 Monkeypox in Russia

Where did monkeypox originate?

Where and when was smallpox first reported?monkeys, no one can say for sure. However, most likely, the birthplace of this disease is in Africa - since the discovery, cases of the disease have occurred on this continent.

Africa is believed to be the birthplace of monkeypox.

Monkeypox is caused by a viruswhich belongs to the poxvirus family. In its structure, it is very similar to the causative agent of human smallpox and was first isolated from sick monkeys in 1958. Subsequently, in addition to primates, the virus was found in other African animals like squirrels, rats, mice, and so on. It is believed that the virus came to other continents after infecting non-African animal species - most likely, prairie dogs were the spreaders.

The causative agent of monkeypox

How is monkeypox transmitted?

Animals get monkeypox on contactin the blood, urine, feces, or affected skin of carriers. In Africa, there have been cases of people becoming infected through contact with infected monkeys, rats and squirrels. In some cases, the pathogen entered the human body along with poorly processed meat. A person can infect another by openly sneezing indoors - the virus is transmitted through secretions from the respiratory tract. It is also believed that the disease can be transmitted by airborne droplets through prolonged and close contact.

Sometimes the monkeypox virus is transmitted from squirrels and rats.

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Monkeypox symptoms

From the moment the virus enters the human body and the onset of symptoms, it can take from 5 days to three weeks. The disease can be divided into two periods: invasions and skin lesions.

During the period of invasion there are:

  • feverish state;
  • Strong headache;
  • swollen lymph nodes;
  • backache;
  • weakness.

During the period of skin lesions, on the human body at firstspots with a diameter of 6-10 millimeters appear. Over time, they turn into vesicles - vesicles filled with a clear liquid. They persist throughout the illness, after which they disappear and leave behind a crust. During the period of skin lesions, a person's condition worsens in that his heart rate increases and blood pressure decreases.

What a person with monkeypox looks like, we will not show - it can be shocking

The duration of monkeypox is2-3 weeks. Usually the disease goes away on its own, and the mortality rate is about 10% - basically, among the dead are people without a smallpox vaccine. In some cases, the disease is asymptomatic. It is believed that people living near forests may interact weakly and indirectly with infected animals, which increases their immunity against the disease.

Some people get sick without symptoms

Monkeypox in Russia

According to Rospotrebnadzor, cases of infectionthere is no monkeypox in Russia. To prevent the pathogen from entering the country, sanitary control has already been strengthened at the border. To quickly diagnose the disease, the Vector Virology Center has already developed a test. It has already been tested and is able to distinguish monkeypox from measles, rubella and other diseases. In general, based on all this, the risk of importing the infection into Russia is assessed as low.

Monkeypox test already exists

So far, outbreaks of monkeypox have beenfound in the US, UK, Sweden, Portugal, Spain and Italy. There have been no deaths yet, but the very fact of the disease is very alarming - the spread of the virus should by no means be allowed.

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It is worth noting that unexplained outbreaks of diseases occur very often. For example, recently children in Europe suddenly started getting hepatitis.