General, Research, Technology

What happens with immunity during quarantine?

New coronavirus pandemic is rapidly changingour life. And the only thing we can do is not leave the house. At the moment, there is no medicine against CoVID-19, and the vaccine is at the development stage and will appear no earlier than in 12-18 months. In general, at the moment there are several test vaccines at once and the first clinical trials have already begun in the United States, so that the medicine may appear earlier. The situation is further complicated by the fact that no one knows when all this will end and how long it will take to remain in home isolation. However, even a two-week quarantine cannot but affect health. And given the fact that the reaction of the immune system to a new coronavirus that attacks the lungs can be life-threatening, we all want to understand what happens with immunity during quarantine and whether it is possible to somehow help our body.

The immune system is our only weapon against CoVID-19

Immunity - a protective mechanism of the body that helpsresist infections. When viruses and dangerous bacteria enter the human body, immunity begins its work and tries to destroy them. Sometimes immunity also affects healthy body cells, which can lead to serious consequences.

Is it possible to strengthen the immune system without leaving home?

Yes. Do not smoke, limit alcohol consumption, exercise and try not to watch too much news. These are just some of the recommendations of WHO on maintaining physical and mental health during a pandemic. At the time of this writing, the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which arose several months ago in Hubei Province in China, has spread to virtually every country in the world and has infected more than 500,000 people. This means that more than 100 million people around the world live in some form of social exclusion, as government officials are struggling to contain the outbreak of CoVID-19, which has already claimed more than 23,000 lives.

Stress from staying indoors andmonitoring rising morbidity and deaths around the world can have negative health effects. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhan Ghebreyesus said that WHO will make recommendations in the coming weeks on how to stay healthy and deal with the crisis. It is important to understand that in this difficult time it is necessary to continue to take care of your physical and mental health. In addition, scientists have long known that stress and, in particular, depression, have a negative effect on immunity. Therefore, careful attention to nutrition, sports and mental health will not only help you stay healthy in the long run, but also help you cope with CoVID-19 if you become ill.

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Regular exercise, refusal from alcohol and tobacco and proper nutrition will help strengthen immunity.

World Health Organization Expert Advice

  • Adhere to a healthy diet - this will help strengthen the immune system;
  • Limit alcohol and sugary drinks;
  • Do not smoke! Smoking can exacerbate the symptoms of COVID-19 and increase the risk of becoming seriously ill;
  • Exercise at least 30minutes a day. If you are allowed to go out, go for a walk, jog or bike ride, keeping a safe distance from other people. If you cannot leave the house, dance, do yoga, or go up and down the stairs several times.
  • If you work at home, then do not stay in one pose. Take a 3-minute break every 30 minutes;
  • Take your mind off of the pandemic. Listen to music, read books, watch movies or play games.

Tedros Gebreyesus also noted how to feelanxiety, experiencing stress, confusion and fear during a pandemic - this is normal. Remember that talking to people you know well can help. Also, do not forget about a truly effective way to deal with anxiety and stress - meditation. In one of our previous articles, we talked in detail about the health benefits of meditation. Also, the head of WHO advises to follow the news, but do not watch the news 24/7, as this can contribute to the development of anxiety and stress.

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What will NOT help strengthen immunity?

The fact that antiviral drugs and immunostimulants does not work a lot has been written and said - we advisefamiliarize yourself with our material on this topic - however, many still believe that megadosing with vitamin C or taking homeopathic medicines will help strengthen immunity.

No fuflomycin will help not to get sick with both SARS and the new coronavirus

In fact, do not hope that there issome over-the-counter medicine that will help strengthen immunity and protect yourself from a pandemic. Three immunologists at once - Timothy Craig, professor of medicine in allergy and immunology at the Pennsylvania Medical Center, Catherine Nagler, immunologist at the University of Chicago and John Warry, director of the Institute of Immunology at the Pennsylvania Medical Center - stated that there is no convincing evidence that any food supplementation, including vitamin C, will help not to get sick. By the way, like probiotics with immunostimulants.

The situation is that the immune system is everythingwhat we have in the fight against coronavirus, and therefore immunologists believe that the best thing to do is try to prevent infection and follow all the WHO recommendations: wash your hands thoroughly, limit contact with other people, use alcohol-containing hand antiseptics, avoid crowded places. If you are over 60 years old or have concomitant illnesses such as heart, lung, or diabetes, take these preventative measures very seriously. The new coronavirus is much more severe in the elderly and people with poor health. Closely follow all WHO announcements, follow recommendations and stay in your home. Be healthy.