Recently, we wrote that the Earth’s populationgetting old. Everything would be fine, but this is the first time in human history. Compared to 1960, the birth rate has declined significantly. Today there are more people over 65 on the planet than children under five. The decline in fertility is especially noticeable in European countries. If this continues, in the future Africa will become the most populated continent of the planet. And the most popular religion in the world already in 2050 will be Islam. But what happens if the world's population stops growing?
How many people live on Earth today?
Throughout the history of our civilizationthe world's population grew very slowly. In 1800, the number of people on the planet was less than 1 billion people. In 1950, the Earth was home to 2.5 billion people, and today, as you know, we are almost 7.7 billion.
Such a sharp rise in the birth rate of humanitydue to scientific progress. Medicine, sanitation, mass food production have done the incredible. However, this cannot go on forever. According to United Nations estimates, the world's population will stop around 2100. By that time, according to forecasts, the world's population will reach 11 billion people.
See also: Is the world really overpopulated?
Mankind has already experienced a decline in numberspopulation. The plague epidemic alone claimed the lives of about 200 million people. However, this time everything will be different. The reason for the upcoming demographic transition will be a decline in fertility. Access to food, income growth, and education for women have made a big difference.
How many people will be in the world in 2100?
Despite the errors in the calculations of demographers,the next 100 years, the world's population will peak. Many experts point out that Africa will become the most densely populated region in the future. But it is especially important that the world's population will age.
UN data indicate that overeight decades, from 2020 to 2100, the number of people aged 80 will increase from 146 million to 881 million; Around the same time, the average age will increase from 31 to 42 years.
You can see what our readers think about this in our Telegram chat.
How will our culture change in the future?
Thus, according to scientists, in the future wewe will face a crisis in the pension system. Moreover, over time, the structure of family life will change dramatically. The number of people in the family will be getting smaller - children will have fewer brothers and sisters, and parents will invest more resources in each child.
In addition, many sociologists note thatculture is moving towards reducing the number of people in the family and not vice versa. For example, in Africa, family ties are expanding through cohabitation with cousins and other relatives. In many cultures, people will prefer such cohabitation to having a large number of children. In addition, those who have not started their own family or or people who have few relatives will seek to expand their circle of friends.
Look even more interesting about cultural and religious features in our channel in Yandex.Zen.
And yet, similar assumptions are scientistsThey do not take into account the effects of climate change. Meanwhile, in some Western countries, civil movements appear, declaring their refusal to have children because of global warming. Despite the fact that the number of supporters of such a sharp rejection of childbearing is small today, it is possible that in the future this will affect the population.
What do you think about this?