General, Research, Technology

What happens when science is inspired by nature?

For millions of years, natural selectionformed the unique characteristics of animals and plants around us. So, wise nature came up with solutions for almost every existing problem, creating many amazing adaptations that are currently being actively studied by a curious human mind. Inspired by an example from the outside world, scientists are finding new solutions to old problems in various areas of our lives, from medicine to physics. In order for you to be convinced of this, in this article you will find many examples of successful interaction between man and nature, from which until recently we wanted to completely separate.

Devices of the future can copy the structure of real animals

Content

  • 1 Bird's-Beak Trains of the Future
  • 2 How to upgrade solar panels?
  • 3 How do swimwear work for speed swimming?
  • 4 Tiny Robots - Doctors of the Future
  • 5 Who invented the plane?

Trains of the future with a bird's beak

When Japanese engineers designed theirhigh-speed trains, one of the problems was that the high speed of this vehicle provoked the appearance of an absurdly loud shock wave in the tunnels, which could damage their structural integrity. When scientists began to analyze the cause of such a loud noise, it turned out that the blunt nose of the train simply squeezed the air out in front of itself, producing an unpleasant effect.

Kingfisher and advanced Japanese train

Watching nature for inspirationengineers found a kingfisher bird. These birds dive head first into the water while hunting for potential prey, but thanks to the special shape of their beak, they do this almost without a splash or any sound. When Japanese trains were redesigned according to the structure of the kingfisher's long narrow beak, the trains not only became quieter, but also became faster, while consuming less electricity.

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How to upgrade solar panels?

As you know, one of the most promisingmethods for producing clean energy can be considered its synthesis using solar panels. In order to increase the productivity of the panels in the production of solar energy, scientists again turned to nature for advice. By focusing on the study of nocturnal moths, whose vision in the dark is considered one of the best, researchers found that their eyes absorb a lot of sunlight, giving the moth's organs of vision a black color. At the same time, the eyes of the moth are covered with small tubercles that the organs of vision of the moth need to absorb large amounts of light. Once applying this feature to modern solar panels, mankind runs the risk of receiving once a powerful and absolutely harmless to nature source of energy.

Moth's vision is considered one of the best in nature.

How do swimwear work for speed swimming?

When it comes to competitive swimming,the possibility of reducing resistance in water is crucial, on which the athlete’s further career may depend. Trying to get the title they need so much, the swimmers shave their body hair and carefully choose a swimsuit to get the least resistance when swimming at speed. In order to slightly alleviate the fate of athletes, a special swimsuit was created, the implementation of which was the observation of the incredible swimming abilities of a shark, capable of speeds up to 74 kilometers per hour. According to information from the manufacturer, FastSkin swimwear really increases the swimmer’s speed due to the special tightness that makes swimmers more streamlined in the water.

FastSkin swimsuit for shark swimming

Tiny Robots - Doctors of the Future

Thanks to the development of modern medicine, already inSoon, a tiny medical robot that was created with the inspiration of the appearance of a demon fish and an ordinary worm can settle in you. Theoretically, a robot will swim in your body in search of tumors, blood clots and other disorders, while eating, from the outside, glucose. There is only one problem: the appearance of the robot can repel anyone, including even the most picky patient.

Inspired by the appearance of a demon fish, scientists decided to create a very original version of the robot doctor

Who invented the plane?

Perhaps one of the most obvious casesmanifestations of biomimicry is an airplane. Since ancient times, people have looked at birds in dreams that one day they will succeed in ascending to heaven. In the end, the dream was realized, first having visited the parchments of Leonardo da Vinci in the form of drawings of the first aircraft, which had similar to bird wings and tail.

Leonardo da Vinci model aircraft

Inspired by the structure of birds, the scientist came up withthe first aircraft concept in the history of mankind, although it did not work in the manner that the famous Italian scientist hoped to see. Having brought da Vinci technology to mind, today you and I have the opportunity to visit anywhere in the world, spending only a few hours of our time on this. In this case, perhaps nature can teach us even more interesting things?