General, Research, Technology

What happens to the volcanoes of the planet?

There are about one and a half thousand volcanoes on Earth,540 of which are officially recognized as active. Attracting tourists with its incredible power and captivating the world with incredible beauty, every year at least one of these monsters suddenly wakes up and destroys everything in its path. In order to be able to prevent a global catastrophe, the precedents of which have already occurred in the history of the planet, scientists had to learn to predict volcanic eruptions. So what is happening now with the volcanoes of the planet and when do we wait for the next apocalypse?

The word "volcano" comes from the name of the ancient Roman god of fire Vulcan

Content

  • 1 The most dangerous volcanoes on the planet
  • 2 Volcano Santa Maria, Guatemala
  • 3 Volcano Mauna Loa, Hawaii
  • 4 Volcano Etna, Italy
  • 5 Mount Vesuvius, Italy
  • 6 Yellowstone Caldera, USA

The most dangerous volcanoes on the planet

Did you know that a simultaneous explosion of allvolcanoes of the planet can cause an apocalypse, whose consequences could be worse than a nuclear winter? The deaths of millions of people who nowadays live in close proximity to potentially dangerous sources of world chaos may seem like “flowers” ​​compared to what the surviving inhabitants of the planet will expect. Despite the plausibility of the event, its appearance in our ordinary life is not so likely, and an explosion of one of the super-volcanoes that accumulate power in the depths of our planet may turn out to be a more realistic scenario. So what is happening right now under our feet and which volcanoes are recognized as the most dangerous on the planet?

Volcano Santa Maria, Guatemala

The volcano Santa Maria from Guatemala is one of the mostexplosive volcanoes of the planet. It is believed that the first eruptions of this giant began 30,000 years ago, and they continue to this day. Although the volcano has already moderated its ardor somewhat, in 1902 the eruption of Santa Maria even destroyed part of one of the sides of the formidable volcano, and an explosion from this event was heard even 800 kilometers from Guatemala and reached Costa Rica. Despite the fact that the volcano is currently relatively calm, because of the potential danger it could pose to nearby cities and even countries, the volcano was even listed on the Volcanoes of the Decade.

Volcano Santa Maria in Guatemala

Volcano Mauna Loa, Hawaii

The volcano Mauna Loa, located in Hawaii, ismegavolcano 4169 meters high. Considered one of the highest in the world, the volcano usually erupts every 5 years, but for more than 30 years, residents of the Hawaiian islands have claimed that the megavolcano is sleeping, only occasionally releasing puffs of smoke and steam. Despite Mauna Loa’s similar behavior, it is believed that a powerful eruption will begin in the next decade. Nobody knows what it will be like, but it is unlikely to be pleasant for locals who are in the immediate vicinity of the world's largest volcano. Look volcano Mauna Los on the map Google is available at this link3.

One of the largest volcanoes in the world - Mauna Loa

Read about how the Kilauea volcano adjacent to Mauna Loa behaves during eruptions, read in this article.

Volcano Etna, Italy

Etna is one of the highest and alsoactive volcanoes of the planet. It is known that at present the volcano spews lava every few months, and approximately every 150 years it builds up enough strength to burn some nearby village to the base. By the way, the volcano has a great choice: at the base of Etna you can always find a large number of settlements of local Sicilians who grow various fruits and vegetables on the slopes of the volcano. The last such eruption occurred in 2015, when local authorities were even forced to close the local airport. See Etna volcano on the map.

Etna Volcano in Italy

See also: What are “ice volcanoes” and where do they form?

Mount Vesuvius, Italy

Mount Vesuvius, which served almost 2,000 years agothe cause of the death of the ancient Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, is now considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet. It is believed that the most outstanding volcano in Europe appeared about 25,000 years ago as a result of the collision of two volcanic plates. Erupting at least 1 time in a century, Vesuvius “pleased” us with its unexpected awakening for the last time in 1944, destroying the neighboring cities of San Sebastiano and Massa. Currently, the mountain is considered one of the symbols of Italy, and although even now new lava flows and super-hot puffs of smoke are constantly bursting out of the mouth of Vesuvius, you can always find dozens and hundreds of tourists coming from all over the world to stare at the killer near the volcano ancient Pompeii. Although the volcano is currently sleeping, scientists are very wary of it. Who knows, maybe the volcano is simply preparing for new “achievements” and building up strength for this?

Mount Vesuvius on a Google map

Mount Vesuvius, ruined the ancient city of Pompeii

Yellowstone Caldera, USA

The most dangerous, and therefore the most famous volcanoPlanet - Yellowstone Caldera, located in the northwestern United States. It is believed that the explosion of this supervolcano can be equivalent to the explosion of a thousand atomic bombs, which is unlikely to please local residents living at a distance of up to 1600 kilometers from the epicenter. The Yellowstone explosion can also provoke a chain of eruptions of its kindred volcanoes, which will entail not only the onset of a nuclear winter around the planet, but will also cause powerful tsunamis that can easily wash away a large number of coastal cities.

Yellowstone Caldera - the largest and most famous volcano on the planet

To date, the main supervolcano is bluethe planet has been napping for the past 640 thousand years, but, apparently, it is already preparing to wake up. Thus, according to recent studies, hot geysers scored in the caldera zone, and the ever-increasing frequency of earthquakes in the Yellowstone zone already shows more than 2000 cases of tremors per year.

Yellowstone Caldera Space Photos

In one of our articles, we already wrote thata planetary catastrophe, directly related to the explosion of a giant volcano, may occur within the next few years, one way or another affecting the inhabitants of all countries of our long-suffering planet. In order to prevent an impending disaster, NASA wants to drill a hole in a supervolcano that can somewhat calm our formidable neighbor on the planet. You can read about the grandiose plans of the main aerospace agency of the world in this article.