About the benefits and dangers of drinking alcoholdrinks, a huge number of different articles were written, each of which tried to contribute to the thousand-year history of the existence of alcohol-containing liquids. At the same time, everyone knows perfectly well, or at least somehow suspects that daily drinking does not lead to anything good. The final result of private drinking of alcohol is the development of a special mental illness, in which sooner or later a certain point of no return occurs, triggering irreversible processes in the patient's body leading to death. But how exactly does alcohol affect the vital systems of the body and why is it so toxic? Let's try to figure it out together in this article.
Why is man getting drunk?
Alcohol, which manufacturers use whenthe manufacture of intoxicating drinks, most often it is ethyl alcohol, which is made by fermentation of sugar, yeast and starches. The unique ability of alcohol is that it is able to very quickly go through all stages of digestion, bypassing the liver, which is not able to cope with a lot of alcohol at a time. Once in the circulatory system of the body, the toxin violates the protective layer of red blood cells, due to which they stick together. The resulting blood clots block the flow of blood in small arteries, which leads to blockage of the brain vessels. Ultimately, a person begins to experience a phenomenon similar to hypoxia, in which the brain begins to suffer from a lack of oxygen.
Why does alcoholism occur?
Alcohol addiction is formed imperceptibly. The seemingly harmless glass of vodka for the New Year may one day turn into the meaning of the life of a patient with alcoholism. Scientists believe that such a "transformation" contributes to a hereditary predisposition caused by insufficient production of enzymes that process alcohol. At the same time, not only the physiological component, but also the psychological one plays an important role at the onset of the disease. In patients with alcoholism, there is often a lack of a measure of the amount of drunk, which leads to incomplete processing of alcohol and, as a result, to severe poisoning with the appearance of headache, nausea and weakness. At the same time, the whole complex of such unpleasant phenomena is quickly removed by a new alcohol intake, which leads to a vicious cycle. It is known that in the presence of a hereditary predisposition, alcohol addiction is formed very quickly - literally in a couple of years.
How many stages does alcoholism have?
As you know, alcoholism has severaldifferent stages, differing from each other in terms of the impact of alcohol on the human body. So, at the first stage of alcohol dependence, a person gradually loses control of the amount of drink he drinks, which leads to the appearance of a pathological attraction to alcohol. The second stage of alcoholism is characterized by an increase in the intensity of the pathological attraction to alcohol, temporarily increasing the endurance of the body with the simultaneous use of more than 1 liter of an alcoholic drink. In addition, it is with the progression of the disease that the patient begins to develop serious diseases, among which the most serious are hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, cancer of the esophagus and cancer of the stomach. The nervous system of patients also begins to malfunction, manifesting itself in the appearance of hallucinations, the development of a number of mental disorders and the degradation of the possibility of social adaptation. At the second stage of alcoholism, people become suicidal due to the fact that it is during this period that an alcoholic most often loses his job, family and motivation to continue life.
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Alcoholism of the third stage is characterized by completedegradation of personality in the physical and mental planes. Despite his addiction, a person can no longer drink alcohol due to his physical condition, characterized by the presence of many somatic diseases, such as cardiovascular failure and cirrhosis. Among other things, alcoholism of the third stage most often kills a person due to complications that arose during massive malfunctions in the body.