General, Research, Technology

What happens if the vaccine against coronavirus is never invented?

In early May, in a number of countries, including Spain,Serbia, Portugal and Belgium are planning to lift some restrictive measures in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. This was made possible thanks to non-pharmacological intervention - quarantine, social distance, handwashing and personal protective equipment. However, the WHO believes that the situation with coronavirus in the world is still difficult. At the same time, the more time passes from the beginning of the pandemic, the stronger the world expects a vaccine, the development of which scientists around the world are working on today. However, according to the most optimistic forecasts, the vaccine will appear no earlier than 2021. But what will we do all this time? And more importantly, what will happen if the vaccine does not appear at all?

Imagine a world in which it was not possible to invent a vaccine against COVID-19

How to live with coronavirus

Let's imagine what will happen if pendingvaccines society will learn to live with an infection constantly circulating across the planet: cities will slowly open, some freedoms will be returned, but restrictions may be imposed again if the recommendations of experts are not followed. According to CNN, testing for coronavirus and tracking contacts of infected people will become part of our life very soon.

Most likely, blockers will be developed.coronavirus, but at the same time, outbreaks of the disease can occur every year, and the global death toll will continue to increase. Politicians do not like to talk about such a development of events, but many experts take this opportunity seriously. Do you want to always be in the know about the situation with the new coronavirus? Subscribe to our channel in Google News so as not to miss anything interesting.

As the professor of health suggestsImperial College London David Nabarro, we can not be one hundred percent sure that the vaccine will appear at all. And if it does, how do you know if it will pass all the tests of efficiency and safety? We must not forget that there are a huge number of viruses on the planet against which there are no vaccines. Let me remind you that the production time for the vaccine on an industrial scale is from 12 to 18 months, which, according to experts, is extremely risky.

It is imperative that all societies in everythingThe world has been able to protect itself from coronavirus as a constant threat. It is necessary to learn how to lead a social life and economic activity with a virus constantly present in the environment.

Professor David Nabarro

Coronavirus forever

Some experts suggest looking atexperience with HIV / AIDS, when with the help of antiviral drugs it was possible to make the disease chronic - and only 40 years ago it was a death sentence. The pioneering development of daily prophylactic tablets — pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP — has meant that hundreds of thousands of people at risk of HIV infection do not get sick.

This is how the streets of the Indian city of Hyderabad look like.

Today, many countries are already testingavailable antiviral drugs, including the experimental drug against Ebola remdesivir, which I recently talked about. The efficacy of treating COVID-19 infected plasma patients has also been studied. But how effective the treatment will be at the moment is unknown and more research is required. Most importantly, any treatment will not prevent outbreaks that periodically occur in society - this means that it will be easier to cope with the coronavirus and the pandemic will subside, but the disease can stay with us for a long time. But what will life be like with coronavirus?

It’s important to understand that if the vaccine isn’t invented,life will not be like it is now. But just to take and return to normal life will not work. This means that as countries move out of quarantine, experts will push governments to introducing a new uncomfortable lifestyle to gain time - months, years or even decadesuntil COVID-19 is eliminated with a vaccine.

Social distancing and temporary isolation can be introduced until a vaccine is found.

Police officers in protective masks on the streets of Moscow

It also means walking habitcolds at work will finally end. Experts also predict that our attitude towards remote work will forever change and many will continue to work from home, at least a few days a week. Experts are also convinced that in the short term, it is necessary to strengthen the health care system, including monitoring contacts of infected people, diagnosis at the workplace, monitoring symptoms and early manifestations of the disease. All these measures, experts believe, will help to understand the need for self-isolation and quarantine measures. It is doable, but difficult. And no one in the past has done anything like this.

And what do you think, will we be able to invent a vaccine and what to do if not? Let's discuss our possible future in the comments and with the participants of our Telegram chat

Collective immunity

The more time passes, the more significantthe hotly debated perspective of collective immunity is becoming. It can be acquired after approximately 70-90% of the population becomes ill and becomes immune to infection. To some extent, this really limits the spread of coronavirus, although it is best to achieve immunity with a vaccine. Read more about why vaccination is good, read our material.

Measles is a perfect example. In the past, from 2 to 3 million people fell ill with her every year, and with coronavirus everything can be the same. In other words, the number of deaths and suffering from COVID-19 will be huge, even if most of the population is not susceptible to coronavirus. All of these predictions are held back by the common belief that a vaccine will eventually be developed.