General, Research, Technology

What does science know about psychopaths?

Who are psychopaths? Antisocial, impulsive and remorseless people? For many years, scientists have been trying to unravel the secrets of the mind of psychopaths, but what does science know about them? Although psychopaths have long been associated with serial killers capable of committing heinous crimes without blinking an eye, the truth is that most of them do not behave like criminals and go unnoticed. Psychopaths are fully integrated into society and ... no! Being a psychopath does not mean being a killer, and vice versa.

In most cases, psychopaths are not prone to yawning. All because yawning is associated with empathy.

Content

  • 1 Psychopaths are not fools
  • 2 How is psychopathy diagnosed?
  • 3 childhood injuries
  • 4 Selected Psychopathic Professions
  • 5 What if you live with a psychopath?

Psychopaths are not fools

As told in an interview with Muy Interesantepsychotherapist Luis Muigno, psychopaths are not fools. Modern criminology has made great strides and it is now almost impossible to commit a crime and not be caught. Large serial killers, fortunately, are becoming less and less. In general, Muigno notes that the problem of psychopaths is that, although they do not use physical violence, they are motivated by control. And it is quite easy to get it without committing crimes - by accessing power positions, for example, in a large company or in the political field.

So, if most psychopaths remainunnoticed in society, because they do not commit crimes, how do you know that a particular person is a psychopath? Since psychopaths are specialists in finding weaknesses, and their victims, as a rule, feel that they are the ones who constantly fail. The key point is how to calculate psychopaths, because if we succeed, we will be emotionally freed from guilt: we know that the problem is in the other person, and not in ourselves.

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Researchers note that psychopathssuch features as a reduced ability to compassion and repentance, deceitfulness, self-centeredness and superficiality of emotional reactions are characteristic. They are also usually narcissistic, have no remorse, and behave impulsively. Many of them have difficulty, for example, maintaining long-term relationships with a partner. Psychopaths are often represented as typical bullies. These are people who like to manipulate and control others.

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How is psychopathy diagnosed?

How to determine who is in front of you - a charming person who, through hard work, has reached career heights, or an insidious schemer?

Psychopathy Rating Scale (PCL in EnglishThe name: Psychopathy Checklist), the latest version of which is called PCL-R, is the most widely used tool in the world for detecting signs of psychopathic behavior. It was developed by Robert Hare, a Canadian psychologist and researcher, and includes twenty characteristics that typically define psychopathy.

Have you encountered a psychopath? Stories and examples from life can be shared in the comments and with the participants of our Telegram chat

Childhood injuries

Among the signs of child psychopathy: lack of empathy, guilt, inability to experience strong emotions, aggressiveness, cruelty and even indifference to punishment.

In 2018, a review of research,published in the journal Psychological Medicine, showed that if you suffered as a child due to a long traumatic experience or intense emotional stress, accelerated maturation occurs in certain areas of the brain. These sites are associated with emotional and cognitive processing of information. What, in principle, would be a protective mechanism for protecting oneself from such situations, ultimately becomes a behavior disorder.

Selected Psychopathic Professions

More often than not, psychopaths occupy the followingPositions: Director General, Lawyer, Media (Radio or Television) Representative, Sales Specialist, Surgeon, Journalist, Police Officer, Clergyman, Chef, and Civil Servant.

Study published in the journalPersonality and single Differences, showed that students with signs related to psychopathy - narcissism and Machiavellianism, are more likely to choose a profession related to business, for example, business management and management or economics. Moreover, the results of previous studies have shown that the percentage of psychopaths is much higher in senior positions compared to the general population. For example, Australian psychologist Nathan Brooks indicated that from 3% to 21% of top managers can be psychopaths.

See also: Scientists have created an AI psychopath

What if you live with a psychopath?

In the scientific community as a whole, it is accepted thatpsychopathy is not treated, but one must strive to control this behavior. Some researchers note that if psychopathy has any physiological basis that can be diagnosed, it can potentially be cured.