General, Research, Technology

What did our ancestors eat? Remains of food 65 thousand years old

What do you think, what did the ancestors of manthousands of years ago? Today we know the exact answer to this question, as scientists have discovered charred remains of various plant products in northern Australia. The age of the find is from 65,000 to 53,000 years. The remains of food are preserved in the ruins of ancient kitchen centers in Mudgebeeb, a sandstone refuge that is considered the oldest aboriginal habitat in Australia. According to a study published in the journal Nature Communications, scientists, using local aborigines, were able to identify 10 different plant products by analyzing the remaining coal.

The first aborigines were preparing roots and stems

Fluke

After analyzing the remaining coal,Researchers concluded that Aborigines made various fruits, nuts, palm stems, roots, and tubers. As co-author of the study Anna Florin from the University of Queensland (Australia) told Newsweek, food remains were accidentally preserved. This special food waste came into contact with fires due to cooking and turned into charcoal. They represent the earliest evidence of the use of plant foods outside of Africa and the Middle East.

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During the study, scientists were able to extractsmall pieces of coal from the earliest aboriginal settlement in Mudgebee. Identification was carried out by comparing ancient remains with modern reference materials under a very high power microscope. The authors of the study write that the results showed that the earliest known human population in Australia consumed a number of plant foods, including those requiring processing. To make such products edible, the natives complemented the culinary process with stone grinding technology.

It looks like Majedbebe sandstone

One way or another, today scientists do not doubtthat the first Australians possessed vast botanical knowledge. This knowledge, subsequently, allowed them to adapt and thrive in a new, unfamiliar environment. The ancestors of Homo Sapiens were able to guarantee access to carbohydrates, fats and even proteins, using this knowledge, and also developed technological innovations and labor for the collection and processing of Australian plant products. Researchers believe that the latest findings precede existing evidence of similar practices in Sahul, an ancient continent that once consisted of Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, and the Indonesian island of Seram.

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Some experts suggest that earlyAccess to high-calorie foods has facilitated the movement of people across the Southeast Asian islands to Sahul. The results obtained indicate that the breadth of nutrition served as the basis for the success of the early modern population in this region, and the labor costs for processing plants guaranteed reliable access to nutrients in the new conditions. Ancient herbal products are just one of several significant discoveries that have been made in Majedbeb. For example, evidence was found there of the earliest grindstone technology outside of Africa and the first recorded use of reflective pigments anywhere in the world.

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