Last year a department professorEd Hawkins has created a very simple, but at the same time very understandable, schematic visualization that, using colored (blue and red) lines, demonstrates catastrophic climate changes in the USA, England and Canada from the end of the 19th century to of our days. The idea of the professor was a real hit. For example, hundreds of meteorologists from around the world began to wear ties with a pattern of this infographic to draw attention to the problem of global warming. This year the project was developed. Hawkins created a special site where anyone can see how the average temperature indicators in his country changed from 1850 to 2019.
Climate change information is collectedfrom databases of various meteorological organizations (Berkeley Earth, NOAA, UK Met Office, MeteoSwiss, DWD and others). Whatever country you choose, it becomes clear that the average temperature is growing everywhere, as evidenced by the transition from soft blue lines to bright red and even burgundy.
We’ll make it clear. Each color line symbolizes the average annual temperature in a particular country from 1850 to 2018. The average annual temperature for each country from 1971 to 2000 is chosen as the temperature boundary between blue and red colors. Thus, the darkest blue lines symbolize the temperature indicators, which turned out to be below the standard values for the last 100 or so years, and the dark red ones show the average annual temperature, which turned out to be above the accepted norm.
Despite the fact that the climate of each country is uniquein its own way, looking at these images it becomes clear that the global trend of increasing average temperatures is observed in all regions of the planet.
For example, the United States:
And this is Australia:
And the UK:
For comparison - China, Brazil, Pakistan and Denmark:
Do not forget about Russia and Ukraine:
Despite the fluctuations, it is clear that in general in every country of the world it gets hotter every year.
Hawking is not the first time creating a simple andclear visualization of climate change on our planet. For example, in 2017, he presented the world to spiral animation, which quickly gained recognition. The Washington Post even called it "the most compelling visualization of global warming." You can look at it below.
His last job was no lessconvincing. Perhaps it is too minimalistic, but according to Hawking, he made it just so that people pay attention to the most important thing in this message.
"The visualization is devoid of all distractions,which are usually present on regular charts. It allows you to simply see the long-term trends in temperature changes without having to interpret anything else, ”explains the scientist.
Through his Twitter account, the scientist alsoencouraged people to use these graphs in their creative way and share the results with others so that as many people as possible know about the problem of global warming. As examples, he published the first works in which one of his readers, based on this visualization, created an adhesive film and covered his Tesla electric car with it. Another reader used the image as a picture for the dress.
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