General

What animals feed on blood?

The variety of species on our planet sometimesstriking the imagination and sometimes can cause nightmares. We hope that our short story about hematophages - the most common parasites on Earth that feed on human and animal blood - will not overshadow your sleep. In addition, when it comes to bloodsuckers, most recall mosquitoes, although in fact there are many more types of hematophages. In fairness, we note that some hematophages are not without a halo of elegance, attractiveness and mystery.

Before you tapeworm tapeworm - picturedthe front part of his body is shown: eyes (two suction cups), two more are on the other side of the head. And in the mouth - chitin hooks through which the tapeworm is attached to the walls of the small intestine

Content

  • 1 tapeworms
  • 2 Pubic louse
  • 3 Sea lampreys
  • 4 Medical leech
  • 5 Itchy itch

Tapeworms

Theneiids are a genus of parasites widely knownlike tapeworms. Science knows 32 species of tapeworms that parasitize various animals. However, only two types of helminths affect a person. This is Taenia saginata - bovine tapeworm and Taenia solium - pork tapeworm. Bull tapeworm lives in the intestines and can reach a length of 2 to 5 meters. There are cases when the size of the parasite reached 10 meters. If no action is taken, bovine tapeworm can live in the human intestines for about 18-20 years. But pork tapeworm, he is a tapeworm, reaches a length of 2-3 meters. Tapeworm also lives in the intestines of humans, which, incidentally, is its final owner, but pigs and other animals are intermediate.

And again a tapeworm, a very photogenic hematophagous

Pubic Louse

Pubic louse or ploshchita isa human ectoparasite insect whose length is from 1 to 3 millimeters. An amazing feature of this parasite is that it eats blood at least 50 times a day, which causes irritating itching in the pubic area, on the genitals, less often in the armpits and in the abdomen. Pubic lice cause a disease called head lice or phthiriasis, which is characterized by skin irritation. Diseases are usually sexually transmitted, although infections are not excluded by close contact with the wearer's clothing. By the way, experts note that the fashion for pubic hair removal has put these ectoparasites at risk of extinction.

It looks like pubic louse - ectoparasite of a person

What other hematophages do you know? Tell the participants about our Telegram chat about them.

Lampreys

Hyperoarties are commonly known as sea lampreys. This is a very primitive species, outwardly similar to eels, although in no way connected with them. The lamprey body is jelly-like and cylindrical, without scales and very slippery. The mouth of a sea lamprey is round in shape with suction cups, so the animal can feed on anyone’s blood. The length of sea lampreys can reach 1 meter, the weight of these hematophages can reach up to 1 kg. Once the lamprey is attached to the victim, his numerous teeth and tongue scratch his skin in order to obtain blood. Sharks, salmon and other marine mammals are the favorite prey of lamprey.

Some sea lampreys can reach 120 cm in length and weigh 2-3 kg

Read more stories about the amazing inhabitants of our planet on our channel in Yandex.Zen.

Medical leech

Medical leech (Hirudo medicinalis) is a speciesannelids from a subclass of leeches. This is a parasite that feeds on the blood of humans and animals, which has been known for a long time. Its natural habitat is fresh water, so medical leeches are usually found in lakes or ponds with mud at the bottom and in thickets of reeds. This leech is able to distinguish and feel light, temperature and humidity. As soon as it sticks to the prey, it does not release it until it is fully saturated. Medical leeches have been used for centuries in medicine. In ancient Greece and Rome they were used because they believed that leeches cure all kinds of diseases. Nowadays, the use of medical leeches is so popular that they have become an endangered species.

So the medical leech eats

This is interesting: How do parasitic mushrooms turn ants into zombies?

Itchy itch

Before you itch itch, an extremely unpleasant guest on the human body

Itchy Itch (Sarcoptes scabiei)It is an egg-shaped tick with 4 pairs of legs and a size of only 0.23 mm. Its victims are animals and humans. Scabies itching causes, as you probably already understood, scabies. This disease is extremely contagious. This hematophagus digs passages in the human skin, simultaneously eating blood and multiplying. Thus, ticks cause severe itching, which intensifies at night.