We can recognize faces. But how do babies do it?

The ability to recognize the faces of other peopleIt is considered one of the main features of the human brain - without it, comfortable behavior in society is simply impossible. And although each person’s memory works differently (some are able to remember a person after 20 years of meeting, others forget him after a week), she still has it. But when does a person have the ability to recognize faces? Scientists from Italy came to the conclusion that it is even in newborn babies.

According to a study publishedin the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, babies are partially able to use parts of the occipital-temporal part of the brain. They are responsible for facial recognition in adults. The experiment was conducted with the participation of ten babies who were not even 4 days old.

During the experiment, babies were shownsquares that are arranged so that they visually resemble the face of a person. Then the squares were reversed, distorting the improvised face. The reaction of the brain of babies recorded using electroencephalography.

When the baby recognized the face, where the squaresstood in the correct order, activity in the right hemisphere of the brain was noted: in the occipital-temporal and occipital-parietal region. The first is located spindle gyrus, responsible for the perception and recognition of various visual information, including the face.

According to neurologists, this skill really appears very early.

Newborn babies develop skillface recognition from the first days of life. The question is individual, but on average, the rudiments appear less than a day after birth. By the age of four months, the child is able to clearly distinguish one person from another. In the next few months, the skill is actively developing.

Julia Mikhailova, a neuropathologist, in comments for

As a result, scientists have concluded that babiesin essence, they use the same areas of the occipital-temporal part of the brain as adults. In the first days, the activity of the infant does not change and begins to progress in two weeks.

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