Japanese Space Agency (JAXA)published footage of the operation to collect soil samples of the asteroid Ryugu (162173) Ryugu with the Hayabusa-2 spacecraft after the latter fired at a small celestial body with a five-gram tantalum bullet. The Japanese space agency noted the success of the work and added that the mission of the device does not end there. Experts of the mission plan to conduct a second shelling of Ryugu next month.
Recall that the landing of the Hayabusa-2 probe on the surface of the asteroid Ryugu was carried out on February 22.
On the published frames can be seen as spacefirst, the apparatus slowly descends to the asteroid's surface after firing a special projectile, and then, as close as possible to Ryuga, it collects samples of surface soil, after which it rushes up sharply in order to reach the initial orbit.
JAXA’s official website states thata similar mission is planned for the first week of April. This time, a special block will separate from Hayabusa-2, which will begin to approach the surface of Ryugu. At a certain distance from it, the device will make a shot of a two-kilogram copper disc that will rush to the surface of the asteroid at a speed of 2 kilometers per second. The agency explains that it is planned to create an artificial crater during the mission on the asteroid, and then try to collect samples of rocks hiding in the depths of the space object.
When colliding with the space body projectilemust create a crater with a diameter of several meters. For shooting the entire process of the operation, an automatic camera installed on the device will be responsible, which for this purpose will be separated from the space probe. Himself "Hayabusa-2" during the experiment will move to the other side of the asteroid, so as not to suffer during the shot.
Creating a crater should expose rocks that,JAXA experts believe that they have remained intact since the formation of the solar system and may contain information that will help to better understand the history of the formation of the planetary group of our system. Somewhere in May, the Hayabusa-2 unit will attempt to make a second approach to the surface of the asteroid to collect samples of this rock.
Hayabusa-2 mission launched in December 2014of the year. The near-Earth asteroid Ryugu, which belongs to the Appolon group (their orbits cross the Earth's orbit from the outside), reached a space probe in June 2018. In the autumn of the same year, the device landed three landing modules on the Ryugu surface: two Rover-1A and Rover-1B jumpers and one stationary 10-kilogram module MASCOT, developed by the German Aerospace Center.
It is planned that in the orbit of the asteroid "Hayabusa-2"will stay until November-December of this year, and then go back to Earth. The probe should return home along with the asteroid soil samples in December 2020.
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