Technology

Two private companies will launch their first orbital launches this year.

It seems that China is accelerating the pace of development of itsspace program not only at the state level, but also trying to find its niche in the sector of private space services. Two startups from China are going to implement their first orbital launches during the first half of this year, reports the portal SpaceNews. The success of these launches will contribute to the development of the growing Chinese private space sector and will allow competition to be imposed on other private companies providing their services for the launch of compact satellites into near-earth orbit.

Beijing company OneSpace Technology,founded in 2015, it is going to launch the first launch of its 19-meter OS-M launch vehicle already at the end of March. It is expected that the four-stage carrier will be able to bring into space two cargo, details of which have not yet been disclosed. At the moment it is known that the mass of one cargo is 205 kilograms. It is going to be delivered to a low earth orbit, the second, weighing 73 kilograms, is going to be sent to a sun-synchronous orbit (a geocentric orbit with such parameters that an object on it passes over any point on the earth's surface at approximately the same local solar time) .

With the successful launch of this rocket company OneSpacewill be able to become the first private Chinese space company that managed to launch an orbital launch. At the same time, the source of the news reports that in any case this will not be the first attempt among Chinese space startups to conduct the first full-fledged space launch. For example, in October last year, the Chinese start-up Landspace launched its launch vehicle Zhuque-1, but it was unsuccessful - the third stage of the rocket, together with a payload, a compact satellite Weila-1 weighing 10-30 kilograms belonging to China Central Television, collapsed into Indian Ocean. Landspace is going to make another attempt in 2020. The company wants to launch a larger and more expensive two-stage rocket.

Big plans for 2019

In addition to OneSpace, big plans for 2019 are buildinganother private space company is iSpace, founded just two years ago. The startup plans to launch its launch vehicle Hyperbola-1 in the first half of the year. A rocket with a height of 20 meters and a diameter of 1.4 meters will have to bring a payload of 150 kilograms into a 700-km sun-synchronous orbit.

It should be noted that both companies last yearconducted successful suborbital test launches. The launch of the prototype of its lightweight carrier Hyperbola-1Z company iSpace made September 5. He reached a height of 108 km. Two days later, OneSpace conducted a successful suborbital launch of its solid-propellant carrier OS-X1.

Below you can see footage of the launch of the compact launch vehicle OS-X1, obtained by the multi-functional Chinese remote sensing satellite Jilin-1.

Truly god view, Jilin-1 video satellite shot @ OneSpace01 OS-X1 rocket’s launch at JSLC this noon. pic.twitter.com/KposRHZc4D

- dafeng cao (@dafengcao) September 7, 2018

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