Today it's no secret that July 2019became the hottest month in the history of observations. According to an analysis of temperature records by researchers at the California Institute for Climate Berkeley, temperature records were broken in 29 countries in the northern hemisphere from May 1 to August 30. A third of all high temperatures occurred in Germany, France and the Netherlands. Researchers concluded that in the summer of 2019, there were about 1,200 hottest places in the Northern Hemisphere.
Heat waves enveloped Europe
In the analysis, scientists used the dataweather stations in the Northern Hemisphere. All weather stations have been observing for at least 40 years. Some of the data used by the experts was not submitted for official consideration to meteorological agencies. Verification is necessary to verify the correctness of the measurements.
Heat waves in Europe in June and July set a numberlocal and national records. So, France set a record temperature of 46 ° C, while the UK, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reported new temperature highs. By the way, in September in St. Petersburg a temperature record was also set at 23 ° C on September 19. One of the authors of the study, Dr. Roberto Rode, said that in the summer of 2019 in Europe there was a very large number of record high temperatures. In some European countries, the history of weather observation has more than 150 years. Also in the United States, more than 30 temperature records were recorded in the entire history of observations. In Japan, where 11 people died as a result of the summer heat, 10 records were set.
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In total, the summer of 2019 set 319temperature records. In the past, similar temperatures were recorded in 2003 and 2010. According to Dr. Rohde, the increase in record high temperatures is part of a long-term trend of global warming. In the past few years, 5% or more weather stations are registering new temperature records. Researchers note that due to climate change in the future, new records will be set every year in different places on the planet.
July 2019 was the warmest month in the world.
Around the world in July of this year there were fewwarmer than usual - by 0.04 degrees Celsius - compared with the previous hottest month in the history of observations - July 2016. The new July record followed the world record for June, which was confirmed by data from several meteorological agencies.
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Scientists say similar temperature changes- This is the last sign that our planet is experiencing unprecedented warming. Researchers reported that the scorching July heat that hit Europe has become more intense as a result of anthropogenic climate change. According to the analysis, climate change has affected temperature increases in the UK, France and the Netherlands on average from 1.5 to 3C. “In July 2019, the heat was so intense in continental Western Europe that observable values would be extremely unlikely without climate change,” said Dr. Friederique Otto, Acting Director of the Institute for Environmental Change at Oxford University, and one of the authors of the study.