The gift of speech is a quality inherent only to man,allowing him to rise markedly up the evolutionary ladder. Why, then, is only a person capable of verbal communication? In order to answer this tricky question, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology tried to simulate the process of developing a special communication system in their new experiment, which yielded amazing results. So, it turned out that even preschoolers can spontaneously develop communication systems that demonstrate the main properties of a natural language. So how did almost 6,000 languages that are used by the inhabitants of our planet?
How did languages come about?
The way that world languages came about is still inremains a mystery to many modern scientists. Researchers suggest that absolutely all the languages of the planet were formed from those sounds and noises that humans “overheard” in animals and interpreted them according to their physiological structure. So, over time, a person learned to pronounce more and more sounds, which gradually turned into words, and then into separate sentences. Other scholars believe that a person’s tongue appeared suddenly, since the ability to conduct verbal communication could initially be embedded in a person. At a certain stage of evolution, people simply discovered this very unique feature in themselves, gradually developing a new skill and making it more and more complicated depending on the realities that they had to face in everyday life. Adherents of this theory argue that mankind has acquired a much-needed gift as a result of a mutation in DNA, which allowed us to learn to unconsciously use speech as an important resource for survival.
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One of the most promising theories aboutthe birth of a great many modern languages is the so-called theory of sign language. According to it, as the evolution of mankind, we gradually created a special sign system that allows an ancient person to convey an idea to his fellow tribesman. So, people could unconsciously create certain links to the necessary objects, reminiscent of familiar objects. In addition, imitating each other, the ancient Homo Sapiens used the same signs to denote the same phenomena or objects, endowing them with a certain meaning.
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Over time, the basic relationship betweenthings and signs have become more abstract, and the meaning of certain signs - more concrete. New grammatical structures began to be introduced gradually and only as necessary in order to convey more complex facts. However, the most striking aspect of the latest research is that the process of communication cannot be reduced only to the use of individual words. At a time when we cannot use ordinary spoken language, there are always other ways to deliver the message you need, which automatically forms the basis for the development of new languages. From this theory comes a logical conclusion about the existence of a hypothetical proto-language that was spoken by all people of the primitive world. However, what exactly he was we can only guess.