Manifestations of global warmingbecome more and more distinct. It is becoming increasingly difficult not to notice them even for the most notorious skeptics. The last chance to save the situation is to comply with the Paris Agreement to stop the temperature rise at 1.5 degrees. Of course, even such an increase will turn into serious problems for humanity. But it will avoid catastrophic consequences that could threaten the survival of all of humanity, or at least a significant part of it. But will it be possible to fulfill the intended goal and stop the temperature rise at the level of one and a half degrees? An international group of experts Systems Change Lab, founded by the Jeff Bezos Earth Foundation in conjunction with the World Resources Institute, gives a disappointing answer. None of the spheres of human activity is capable of quickly adapting to new requirements in order to reduce the rate of global warming.
The world is not ready to fight global warming
The latest Systems Change Lab report says,that humanity needs to significantly increase the rate of emission reductions in order to keep the situation at 1.5 degrees. Otherwise, the temperature will rapidly rise and exceed this figure. Researchers have identified forty areas of human activity, which this applies in the first place. These include the energy sector, heavy industry, agriculture, transport and a number of other areas.
Last year the level of gases in the atmospherewarming the planet has reached a new all-time high, and the UN has warned that the amount of fossil fuels planned by countries is well above the limit that will keep the temperature rise at a safe level.
According to the report, none of the sectorshuman activities, from renewable electricity production to meat consumption and government funding of fossil fuels, there is no progress needed to reduce emissions. At the same time, in order to give the world a chance, the amount of emissions must be halved, and by 2050 it must stop completely.
What to strive for to prevent global warming
According to scientists, the extraction and use ofcoal should be reduced by 5 times, and the rate of reforestation should be 3 times faster. Coastal wetlands need to be rehabilitated nearly 3 times, and climate finance needs to grow 13 times faster. In addition, the energy intensity of buildings should be reduced three times more actively.
In the rich countries of Europe and North Americathere is a high consumption of beef, which needs to be reduced at least one and a half times faster than now. Scientists note that a reduction in the equivalent of one and a half hamburgers per person per week will provide a colossal reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and a decrease in demand for land. By the way, a large amount of greenhouse gases are emitted from the ground as a result of the cultivation of meadows for the subsequent cultivation of corn.
“We need to do our best in everysector to transform electricity production, change our diets, land use, and more, all at the same time. We need transformational change, and it’s clear that trends are not moving fast enough, ”says Kelly Levin, scientific director of the Bezos Land Foundation and one of the co-authors of the report.
The problem of climate warming - is there any hope
In addition to negative facts, the authors of the report cite andsome are positive. For example, the global share of electricity generated from solar and wind energy has grown by 15%, and the dynamics have been maintained over the past five years. Renewable energy sources have become the most cost-effective replacement for coal in most countries. Electric vehicle adoption is on the rise, reaching over 4% of global sales last year.
The report also says there are good chanceson "exponential" advances in technologies such as the direct removal of carbon dioxide from the air. Scientists say it will likely have to be deployed on a large scale to avoid a climate catastrophe.
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Nevertheless, in general, reasons for optimism so farno. The world is making too little effort to deal with the climate crisis. Unless the situation is reversed, the planet will increasingly experience deadly heatwaves, devastating storms, catastrophic floods and crop failures that will take trillions of dollars out of economic activity and force millions of people to flee their homes. In other words, the threat is much more serious than the coronavirus pandemic.