Modern electronic gadgets in someIn cases of their characteristics, they differ little from special equipment intended for secretly obtaining information or, more simply, to spy on and steal confidential information. Therefore, law enforcement agencies often allow a literal interpretation of the legislation, which leads to disastrous consequences for those who come to their sight. So in the Kurgan region, a farmer was accused of purchasing illegal surveillance equipment, while he bought a banal GPS fob for a cow.
Eliminate legislative contradictions will helpthe draft laws adopted by the Duma of the Russian Federation in the first reading on the classification of "... special technical means intended for secretly obtaining information". The bill states that devices, devices, systems, complexes, or even software, regardless of their type or technical capabilities, having pre-determined functional qualities aimed at secretly obtaining information, are considered prohibited for circulation in Russia.
In view of the fact that the bill was passed in the firstreading, it contains several loosely defined concepts. For example, questions are raised by the definition of a “special technical device”, which belongs to the prohibited goods “... regardless of their appearance, technical characteristics”. In this case, a citizen who is not even suspecting about the special capabilities of the acquired item can be brought to justice.
In some cases, a broad interpretation of the law onspyware products can lead to abusive situations, such as, for example, a GPS tracker for cows. It should be borne in mind that today the GPS module or mini-video camera are mounted in many devices for ordinary consumers. At the same time, for the distribution or manufacture of such spy devices, there is a serious punishment with imprisonment for up to 4 years and further restriction of rights for up to 3 years.
Bills have yet to go two hearings,approval in the Federation Council, and only after that the document will be signed by the President of the Russian Federation, and he will acquire legal status. Therefore, in the near future, many definitions will acquire a clearer and more specific interpretation.