Since about 2009, Russia has been developingbrand new bomber, which is currently known as "Product 80". A promising long-range aviation complex (PAK DA) should notice several currently used missile carriers and bombers. Recently it became known that production of an engine will begin in 2021, which will allow the device to stay in the air for up to 30 hours and even ascend into near space... Also, the aircraft will be able to liftlarge loads, but its flight speed will be limited. But why did Russia need a completely new bomber, what would it look like and what characteristics would it have? There is little information about the new product, but the information already available is also very interesting. All this will be discussed in this article.
Bomber Is a military aircraft designed to destroy enemy targets with bombs and missiles. The first bombers appeared during the First World War.
Russia's new bomber
At the moment, Russia is armed withstrategic missile carriers Tu-160 and Tu-95MS, as well as several Tu-22M3 bombers. All of them were made in Soviet times, but were regularly improved. But it is impossible to constantly modernize military equipment, so the development of a new bomber was just a matter of time. For the first time, they started talking about the creation of PAK DA in 2009 and work on the assembly of this complex is still going on. In 2019, the RF Ministry of Defense approved the final draft of the combat vehicle. It will look something like the image below. The aircraft is being developed by the Tupolev Moscow design bureau.
It is reported that PAK DA will have moreserious combat capabilities, compared to their predecessors. For example, it is planned to use more radio-absorbing materials in its body, that is, it will be more difficult for enemy equipment to notice it. Also, engineers want to update the weapon system and power units. There are no exact numbers, but the device will be able to lift heavier loads and stay in the air for more than a day. It also reported the ability to take off and land from any airfields. According to the Deputy Prime Minister of the RF Ministry of Defense Yuri Borisov, the flight speed will not be increased, because there is no need for it.
See also: Why did the Americans turn an ordinary transport plane into a bomber?
New aircraft engine
The developed PAK DA will usea completely new engine, which is still known as a "product of the Russian Federation". It is being developed by the Samara enterprise "UEC-Kuznetsov". At the moment it is under construction. During 2021, it is planned to conduct tests inside the chamber, in which the air conditions are recreated. Very little is known about engine performance so far. The novelty should be based on the developments of a new version of the NK-32 engine, which is used in Tu-160 bombers. The engine will provide the aircraft with high speed, but will allow it to remain in the air for 30 hours and rise into near space, that is, to an altitude of 20 to 100 kilometers.
The first PAK DA flight is expected to take place in 2025or 2026. Serial production is planned to begin only in 2028 or 2029, but the bomber will be put into service until 2027. Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the development of a completely new bomber is a very expensive and complex project, but it is necessary. After all, engineers cannot endlessly improve Soviet aircraft and need to develop something completely new. Strategic bombers are superior to ground-based launchers because they can engage targets thousands of kilometers away.
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On our site there are many articles on the topicair technology. Relatively recently, my colleague Artem Sutyagin talked about the fastest planes in the world. In his article, he mentioned the General Dynamics F-111 bomber, which is capable of accelerating to 2,645 kilometers per hour. That is, this aircraft flies faster than the speed of sound. But this is far from the fastest plane. You can read about the real record holders by following this link.