When creating robots, engineers are often inspiredreal animals - they often borrow both anatomical and chemical-biological features. For example, graduates of the Georgia Institute of Technology drew attention to the amazing feature of sloths to be content with a minimum of food and energy due to a sedentary lifestyle. Having created a small robot and taught him to perform very slow and not demanding to the energy of motion, they made him almost immortal.
The development of the robot involved students GennaroNotomist and Yusef Emam, under the direction of Prof. Magnus Egerstedt. Their main goal was to create a robot that performs a minimum of movements and thus consumes a very small amount of energy. Ideally, in order to maintain efficiency, there should be enough daylight energy - the developers really managed to create such a technology.
The sloth robot with a large supply of energy
Mostly robot consists of printed on3D printer gears and other parts designed to hold the structure on the tensioned cables. According to the developers, by hanging the robot between the tops of forest trees and allowing it to move slowly along the cables, they can observe the state of wildlife for months.
Since the robot will only move in caseabsolutely necessary, its charge should be enough for a very long time. In a pinch, he has solar panels that constantly keep the battery in a charged state. According to Professor Magnus Egerstedt, physical movements require much more energy than the work of the brain and sense organs. By minimizing the movement of the robot, they were able to achieve maximum battery saving.
In the near future, the robot will be tested oncocoa plantations in Costa Rica - cables will be used to move cocoa to move. Also, the robot will be tested in the botanical garden of Atlanta, where it will monitor the state of the environment. Before these tests, developers will have to equip the structure with a robust housing, because the prototype has a lot of protruding wires.
Sometimes engineers pay attention not only tofeatures of animals, but also on the behavior of plants. For example, in early 2019, researchers from the Italian Research and Development Center in Genoa created a robot that climbs objects like a climbing plant. More information about this invention can be read in our material.
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