Russia is going to build a habitable lunar base. According to the TASS news agency, citing its sources, the RAS Council on Space supported the project. Last Wednesday, a meeting was held with the participation of the head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, and the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Alexander Sergeyev, at which the general concept of exploration and exploration of the Moon was also considered. During the meeting, the idea of building two observatories on the lunar surface was proposed.
One will be used to study cosmic rays, the other will be radio astronomy.
"At the RAS Council on Space today was discusseda comprehensive concept of the general program of research and exploration of the Moon, starting from the launches of automatic vehicles — Luna-25, Luna-26, Luna-27 — and ending with the manned program, as well as the deployment of stations on the Moon, observatories. There was a decision to support this concept and continue work on it, ”the agency source said.
As it became known, the exploration of the moon by RussiaIt is planned to carry out in several stages, starting with the launch of automatic stations. After that, a crew of Russian cosmonauts will be sent to fly around the Earth’s satellite, and then the plan to deploy the Russian lunar infrastructure on the satellite will begin.
"Before that, it was all in a fragmented form, butnow brought into a general concept, ”commented the source, adding that the meeting of the Council of the RAS did not discuss the specific dates for launching automatic spacecraft to the Moon and manned missions to the satellite.
Finalize the Russian lunar programplanned for the spring of 2019. This was announced by Deputy Chairman of the Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences for Space, scientific director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Lev Zeleny.
"Detailed economic rationale lunarthere was no program, there was a general, initial one. And now will be made a detailed economic justification. By March, it will not be a program concept, but a big program, maybe it will be April, ”Green commented.
Earlier it was reported that the crew of Russiancosmonauts first land on the surface of the moon after 2030. The duration of the mission will be 14 days. According to a preliminary outline of the roadmap to 2040, the development of the Earth satellite will be carried out in three stages.
As part of the first (until 2025) on boardThe International Space Station will test all necessary technologies. The creation of a base module for the near-moon station is planned. Will be tested manned spacecraft "Federation". In addition, in the framework of the same stage, it is planned to conduct unmanned flights of the Moon with a robotic version of the Federation and the study of the satellite surface by automatic stations.
As a possible basis for buildingelements near the moon orbital station are considered elements of the Russian segment of the ISS. First of all, we are talking about a hub module, a transport ship, as well as a science and energy module, which are planned to be delivered and docked with the International Space Station in 2022.
In the second phase (2025-2035) there will bethe means of access to the lunar surface will be developed (in the future, a circumliga orbital station will be equipped with take-off and cargo piloted and manned modules for disembarking to the surface), the first manned flights to the lunar surface, the creation and deployment of the first elements of the future base on the moon.
The third stage covers the time after 2035. During this period, the construction of a full-fledged visited lunar base is expected to be completed. After that, it is planned to start creating a unified system of manned and automatic means for further exploration of the Moon.
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